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Natural infection of pigs with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) through contact with infected cattle has caused problems in diagnosing hog cholera (HC). Low cross-reacting serum antibody titers against HC caused by BVDV infection were found in clinically normal pigs as well as those suspected of having HC. Bovine viral diarrhea virus was isolated from(More)
The serologic test for bluetongue (BT) that was used in the US from 1968 to 1980 to qualify animals for export was the modified direct complement-fixation (MDCF) test. The MDCF test was replaced by the immunodiffusion (ID) test in 1980. In January 1984, there were 70 laboratories approved by the USDA to conduct BT ID export testing. Both tests are used at(More)
During the hog cholera (HC) eradication program in the United States, 135 field isolates were characterized by inoculation into specific-pathogen-free pigs. This gave origin to the classification of 61 (45%) as high virulent, 37 (27%) as low virulent, 29 (22%) as avirulent or immunizing, and 8 (6%) as capable of causing persistent infection. The persistent(More)
Mosquitoes trapped during an epizootic of hog cholera (HC) in Maryland in 1969 were prepared into 40 pools which were inoculated in pigs. Hog cholera virus was confirmed in pigs inoculated with 8 of 40 pools of mosquitoes. Generally, the pigs contracting HC developed chronic infections with persistent viremia that lasted 30 or more days. Two pigs seemed(More)