Dymphy R.H. Huntjens

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The mechanism by which COX inhibitors exert their analgesic effect is well established. However, data show no direct correlation between drug concentrations in plasma and the analgesic or adverse effects in chronic inflammatory conditions. This represents a major problem in the development of COX inhibitors, since it is difficult to predict the appropriate(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Tapentadol is a centrally acting analgesic with two mechanisms of action, µ-opioid receptor agonism and noradrenaline reuptake inhibition. The objectives were to describe the pharmacokinetic behavior of tapentadol after oral administration of an extended-release (ER) formulation in healthy subjects and patients with chronic pain and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Enterohepatic recirculation (EHC) is a common pharmacokinetic phenomenon that has been poorly modelled in animals. The presence of EHC leads to the appearance of multiple peaks in the concentration-time profile and increased exposure, which may have implications for drug effect and extrapolation across species. The aim of this(More)
OBJECTIVES Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) is an animal model of inflammatory pain commonly used in the screening of COX-inhibitors. However, there is little understanding of how behavioural measures of the anti-inflammatory effect in the FCA model correlate to differences in mechanism of action and whether such endpoints equally reflect drug activity in(More)
Understanding the mechanisms underlying the analgesic effect of new cyclooxygenase inhibitors is essential to identify dosing requirements in early stages of drug development. Accurate extrapolation to humans of in vitro and in vivo findings in preclinical species is needed to optimise dosing regimen in inflammatory conditions. The current investigation(More)
We compared the model performance of two semi-mechanistic pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic models, the precursor pool model and the agonist-antagonist interaction model, to describe prolactin response following the administration of the dopamine D2 receptor antagonists risperidone, paliperidone or remoxipride in rats. The time course of pituitary dopamine D2(More)
Predicting target site drug concentration in the brain is of key importance for the successful development of drugs acting on the central nervous system. We propose a generic mathematical model to describe the pharmacokinetics in brain compartments, and apply this model to predict human brain disposition. A mathematical model consisting of several(More)
The objective of the present investigation was to characterize the pharmacodynamic interaction between the synthetic neuroactive steroid alphaxalone and the benzodiazepine midazolam. The time course of the electroencephalographic (EEG) effect (11.5-30 Hz) was determined in rats in conjunction with plasma concentrations. Alphaxalone was administered as a(More)
OBJECTIVES The use of biomarkers for predicting the clinical doses of analgesic drugs relies on the understanding of the relationship between drug exposure and response under disease conditions. In this study, we demonstrate the relevance of such a relationship for COX-inhibitors by modelling the effect of naproxen on prostaglandin E2 (PGE(2)) and(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes acute lower respiratory tract infections, and is a major cause of hospital admissions and death in young children. Limited treatments currently exist that can prevent or minimise exacerbation of the disease. The aims of this work were: 1) to develop a population pharmacodynamic model to describe RSV kinetics (RSVK)(More)