Dylan B. A. Jones

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The quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) dominates the variability of the equatorial stratosphere (;16–50 km) and is easily seen as downward propagating easterly and westerly wind regimes, with a variable period averaging approximately 28 months. From a fluid dynamical perspective, the QBO is a fascinating example of a coherent, oscillating mean flow that is(More)
[1] Elevated levels of tropical tropospheric ozone (O3) and carbon monoxide (CO) and decreased water (H2O) vapor were observed by the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) in the region of Indonesia and the eastern Indian Ocean during the coincident positive phases of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) in late 2006.(More)
A key component in the regularization of vertical atmospheric trace gas retrievals is the construction of constraint matrices. We introduce a novel method for developing a constraint matrix based on altitude-varying combinations of zeroth-, first-, and second-order derivatives of the trace gas profile. This constraint matrix can be optimized to minimize the(More)
[1] We have conducted an observing system simulation experiment for the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) satellite instrument to determine the potential of nadir retrievals of carbon monoxide (CO) from this instrument to constrain estimates of continental sources of CO. We use the GEOS-CHEM global chemical transport model to produce a(More)
Chemical data assimilation attempts to optimally use noisy observations along with imperfect model predictions to produce a better estimate of the chemical state of the atmosphere. It is widely accepted that a key ingredient for successful data assimilation is a realistic estimation of the background error distribution. Particularly important is the(More)
[1] We use aircraft observations of continental outflow over the western Pacific from the Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific (TRACE-P) mission (March– April 2001), in combination with an optimal estimation inverse model, to improve emission estimates of carbon monoxide (CO) from Asia. A priori emissions and their errors are from a customized(More)
[1] Precision requirements are determined for space-based column-averaged CO2 dry air mole fraction (XCO2) data. These requirements result from an assessment of spatial and temporal gradients in XCO2, the relationship between XCO2 precision and surface CO2 flux uncertainties inferred from inversions of the XCO2 data, and the effects of XCO2 biases on the(More)
We conduct an inverse modeling analysis of measurements of atmospheric CO from the TES and MOPITT satellite instruments using the GEOS-Chem global chemical transport model to quantify emissions of CO in the tropics in November 2004. We also assess the consistency of the information provided by TES and MOPITT on surface emissions of CO. We focus on the(More)
[1] We assimilate ozone and CO retrievals from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) for July and August 2006 into the GEOS-Chem and AM2-Chem models. We show that the spatiotemporal sampling of the TES measurements is sufficient to constrain the tropospheric ozone distribution in the models despite their different chemical and transport mechanisms.(More)
Determining the spatial and temporal distribution of terrestrial gross primary production (GPP) is a critical step in closing the Earth's carbon budget. Dynamical global vegetation models (DGVMs) provide mechanistic insight into GPP variability but diverge in predicting the response to climate in poorly investigated regions. Recent advances in the remote(More)