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The neuropeptide bombesin (BBS) is examined with regard to possible designation as an integrative peptide. The term integrative peptide has been proposed to distinguish a subset of regulatory peptides. These peptides, distributed in the body and the brain, may function as hormones and neurotransmitters to integrate physiological and psychological functions.(More)
Casual observations indicated that some cattle are more sensitive to sudden movement or intermittent sound than other cattle. Six commercial livestock auctions in two states and a total of 1,636 cattle were observed to assess the relationship between breed, sex, and temperament score on the response to sudden, intermittent visual and sound stimuli, such as(More)
Bombesin is an oligopeptide which has been implicated as a possible neurotransmitter or neuromodulator in the central nervous system. Central administration of the peptide produces physiological and behavioral responses which suggest a downward shift in the set point of body temperature. These include hypothermia, decreased metabolic rate and increased(More)
Cocaine was administered via an oral route to 18-h food deprived female rats for 14 consecutive days. Following administration of the drug or vehicle control each animal was presented with separate isocaloric rations of protein, fat, and carbohydrate in a dietary self-selection situation. Amounts consumed of each component were measured at 30 min, 60 min, 2(More)
The effects of peripheral systemic administration of urocortin on operant responding to obtain food were investigated using three separate concentrations. The drug was administered intraparitoneally at a concentration of 10 microg/ml/Kg, 5 microg/ml/Kg, and 0 microg/ml/Kg suspended in saline at a volume of 1 ml/Kg to Sprague-Dawley rats fifteen minutes(More)
The effect of cocaine on spatial learning was investigated by exposing male Sprague-Dawley rats to 0, 20, or 40 mg/kg cocaine prior to and during training on a water maze task. Half the animals were pretrained on cued trials prior to hidden platform trials, while the remaining animals completed hidden platform trials immediately. Escape latencies for all(More)
The effects of injections of either bombesin (BBS) or cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) on patterns of food intake of macronutrients were examined in adult male rats, and compared to the effects following saline injections. The animals were food deprived for 18 hours and then offered one of three isocaloric dietary components (protein, carbohydrate or(More)
Our understanding of O2 uptake (VO2) control mechanisms during exercise may be improved by the simultaneous determination of the kinetics of intramuscular high-energy phosphate turnover and pulmonary VO2. We therefore developed a technique for remote gas-exchange analysis while subjects exercised in a whole body 1.5-T NMR system. Knee-extension exercise was(More)