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Innate immunity provides an immediate defense against infection after host cells sense danger signals from microbes. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress arises from accumulation of misfolded/unfolded(More)
Previously, we reported that the mitochondrial translocator protein (TSPO) induces HIV-1 envelope (Env) degradation via the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation (ERAD) pathway,(More)
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