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We and others have reported that c-fos protein is induced in the hypothalamus and brain stem of the rat following central and peripheral injections of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS). We have now examined possible mechanisms through which LPS induces c-fos protein. The cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin and the glutamate NMDA antagonist MK801(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an endotoxin associated with gram-negative bacteria, is a potent activator of the immune system. We have tested the effects of ICV infusions of LPS (10 ng) or Ringer's solution on the induction of the proto-oncogene protein c-Fos in the brain as well as plasma levels of corticosterone and splenic concentrations of norepinephrine(More)
A cDNA encoding a unique hyaluronan receptor has been molecularly cloned from a lambda GT11 3T3 cDNA expression library. Immunoblot analyses of cell lysates, using antibodies to peptides encoded in the cDNA, specifically react with a 58-kD protein. This protein is regulated by the mutant H-ras gene in cells containing a metallothionein promoter H-ras hybrid(More)
Cytokine-specific alterations of monoamine activity were evident in the hypothalamus, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex 2 h following peripheral administration of recombinant interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-2 and IL-6 (200 ng, i.p.) in male, BALB/c mice. IL-1 induced the broadest range of neurochemical changes, affecting central norepinephrine (NE), serotonin(More)
A projection from the ventral geniculate area to the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) has been demonstrated in rats and hamsters. Large lesions in this area of the geniculate cause a dramatic decrease in neuropeptide Y-immunoreactivity in the SCN. Since numerous neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive neurons are found in the lateral geniculate area, we and others(More)
We report that chlamydiae, which are obligate intracellular bacterial pathogens, possess a novel antiapoptotic mechanism. Chlamydia-infected host cells are profoundly resistant to apoptosis induced by a wide spectrum of proapoptotic stimuli including the kinase inhibitor staurosporine, the DNA-damaging agent etoposide, and several immunological(More)
Innervation of the female reproductive system provides an important signal for a variety of neuroendocrine reflexes and behaviors in the female rat. Although some studies suggest that afferent feedback from the gonads is involved in the hypothalamic control of gonadal function and pituitary hormone release, the extent and function of afferent feedback from(More)
Catecholaminergic fibers in the spleen have been well characterized in the rat and this innervation is believed to be an important source of modulation of the immune system. The presence or role of afferent feedback from the spleen has not been systematically investigated. We have examined whether the spleen receives afferent innervation from sensory(More)
Conceptually, the neural regulation of feeding behavior is proposed to be a function of the activities of a long-term (day to day) and a short-term (meal to meal) control system. Although these two control systems are presumably involved in a continuous and dynamic interaction, they can be behaviorally and anatomically separated by specific regulatory(More)