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We and others have reported that c-fos protein is induced in the hypothalamus and brain stem of the rat following central and peripheral injections of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS). We have now examined possible mechanisms through which LPS induces c-fos protein. The cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin and the glutamate NMDA antagonist MK801(More)
A cDNA encoding a unique hyaluronan receptor has been molecularly cloned from a lambda GT11 3T3 cDNA expression library. Immunoblot analyses of cell lysates, using antibodies to peptides encoded in the cDNA, specifically react with a 58-kD protein. This protein is regulated by the mutant H-ras gene in cells containing a metallothionein promoter H-ras hybrid(More)
Neuropeptide-like immunoreactivity to antisera raised against Leu- and Met-enkephalin, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and substance P (SP) have been studied immunohistochemically in middle cervical and stellate ganglia of dogs. To investigate the relationship of the peptides to one another as well as to preganglionic and(More)
Cytokine-specific alterations of monoamine activity were evident in the hypothalamus, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex 2 h following peripheral administration of recombinant interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-2 and IL-6 (200 ng, i.p.) in male, BALB/c mice. IL-1 induced the broadest range of neurochemical changes, affecting central norepinephrine (NE), serotonin(More)
The haematogenous phase of cancer metastasis facilitates the transport of metastatic cells within the blood and incorporates a sequence of interactions between circulating intravascular cancer cells and the endothelium of blood vessels at the sites of tumour cell arrest. Initial interactions involve mechanical contact and transient adhesion, mediated by(More)
We report that chlamydiae, which are obligate intracellular bacterial pathogens, possess a novel antiapoptotic mechanism. Chlamydia-infected host cells are profoundly resistant to apoptosis induced by a wide spectrum of proapoptotic stimuli including the kinase inhibitor staurosporine, the DNA-damaging agent etoposide, and several immunological(More)
Catecholaminergic fibers in the spleen have been well characterized in the rat and this innervation is believed to be an important source of modulation of the immune system. The presence or role of afferent feedback from the spleen has not been systematically investigated. We have examined whether the spleen receives afferent innervation from sensory(More)
Since 1987, only a few neuroanatomical studies have been conducted to identify the origin of innervation for the immune system. These studies demonstrated that all primary and secondary immune organs receive a substantial sympathetic innervation from sympathetic postganglionic neurons. Neither the thymus nor spleen receive any sensory neural innervation;(More)
A projection from the ventral geniculate area to the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) has been demonstrated in rats and hamsters. Large lesions in this area of the geniculate cause a dramatic decrease in neuropeptide Y-immunoreactivity in the SCN. Since numerous neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive neurons are found in the lateral geniculate area, we and others(More)
Central to the postulated relationship between the brain and the immune system has been evidence for the direct neural innervation of primary organs of the immune system. It has been reported previously that the thymus gland in rats and mice receives a substantial innervation from the "retrofacial" nucleus of the brain stem and ventral horn cells of the(More)