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The focus of this study was to analyze the content, distribution, and comparative genome relationships of 996 chromosome bin-mapped expressed sequence tags (ESTs) accounting for 2266 restriction fragments (loci) on the homoeologous group 3 chromosomes of hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Of these loci, 634, 884, and 748 were mapped on chromosomes 3A,(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphism was used in the construction of an expressed sequence tag map of Aegilops tauschii, the diploid source of the wheat D genome. Comparisons of the map with the rice and sorghum genome sequences revealed 50 inversions and translocations; 2, 8, and 40 were assigned respectively to the rice, sorghum, and Ae. tauschii lineages,(More)
Venocclusive disease (VOD) of the liver, a fibrous obliteration of small hepatic venules, can be caused by chemoradiation therapy. We reviewed 255 consecutive patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation for malignancy during 1978 to 1980 in order to determine the incidence of VOD and the predisposing factors. Fifty-three of 255 patients met our criteria(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappaB, a central regulator of immunity, is subject to regulation by redox changes. We now report that cysteine-179 of the inhibitory kappaB kinase (IKK) beta-subunit of the IKK signalosome is a central target for oxidative inactivation by means of S-glutathionylation. S-glutathionylation of IKK-beta Cys-179 is reversed by(More)
To study glutamate and glutamine kinetics, 4-h unprimed intravenous infusions of L-[15N]glutamate, L-[2-15N]glutamine, and L-[5-15N]-glutamine were administered to healthy young adult male subjects in the postabsorptive state. Arterialized-venous blood samples were drawn and analyzed for glutamate and glutamine 15N enrichments. The fractional turnover rates(More)
Maintenance of reduced or elevated body weight results in respective decreases or increases in energy expended in physical activity, defined as 24-h energy expenditure excluding resting energy expenditure and the thermic effect of feeding, beyond those attributable to weight change. We examined skeletal muscle work efficiency by graded cycle ergometry and,(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Some obese subjects repeatedly fail to lose weight even though they report restricting their caloric intake to less than 1200 kcal per day. We studied two explanations for this apparent resistance to diet--low total energy expenditure and underreporting of caloric intake--in 224 consecutive obese subjects presenting for treatment.(More)
Leucine metabolism in vivo can be determined from a primed, continuous infusion of L-[1-13C]leucine by measuring, at isotopic steady state, plasm [-13C]leucine enrichment, expired 13CO2 enrichment, and CO2 production rate. With an appropriate priming dose of L-[1-13C]leucine and NaH13CO3, isotopic steady state is reached in less than 2 h, and the infusion(More)
OBJECTIVE Chromium picolinate (CrPic) supplementation has been suggested to improve glycemia, but there are conflicting reports on efficacy. We sought to determine the effect of CrPic on insulin sensitivity, glycemic control, and body composition in subjects with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Thirty-seven subjects with type 2 diabetes were(More)
In vivo effects of insulin on plasma leucine and alanine kinetics were determined in healthy postabsorptive young men (n = 5) employing 360-min primed, constant infusions of L-[1-13C]leucine and L-[15N]alanine during separate single rate euglycemic insulin infusions. Serum insulin concentrations of 16.4 +/- 0.8, 29.1 +/- 2.7, 75.3 +/- 5.0, and 2,407 +/- 56(More)