Dwight A. Williams

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Mounting evidence has suggested that G protein-coupled receptors can be stabilized in multiple conformations in response to distinct ligands, which exert discrete functions through selective activation of various downstream signaling events. In accordance with this concept, we report biased signaling of one C6-heterocyclic substituted naltrexamine(More)
Chromones are a class of natural products found in almost every known terrestrial plant with over 4000 naturally occurring derivatives having been isolated and structurally elucidated. Recently, 5-hydroxy-2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone (5-HPEC), isolated from Imperata cylindrical, showed neuroprotective activity against glutamate induced excitotoxicity in(More)
The involvement of the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) in numerous physiological functions is often attributed to the diversity of receptors with which it interacts. Ligands targeting serotonin receptor 2B (5-HT2B) have received renewed interest for their potential to help understand the role of 5-HT2B in migraines, drug abuse, neurodegenerative diseases,(More)
Opioids are the mainstay for cancer and noncancer pain management. However, their use is often associated with multiple adverse effects. Among them, the most common and persistent one is probably opioid-induced constipation (OIC). Periphery selective opioid antagonists may alleviate the symptoms of OIC without compromising the analgesic effects of opioids.(More)
Several 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones have been shown to possess neuroprotective activity. However, limited synthetic methods have been disclosed to construct the 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone skeleton. Herein we report a straightforward 3-step preparation of five naturally occurring 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones utilizing the Claisen condensation as the key step.
The 6β-N-heterocyclic naltrexamine derivative, NAP, has been demonstrated to be a peripherally selective mu opioid receptor modulator. To further improve peripheral selectivity of this highly potent ligand, its pyridal ring was quaterinized with benzyl bromide to produce BNAP. In radioligand binding assay, the Ki of BNAP for MOR was 0.76 ± 0.09 nM and was(More)
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