Dwayne K. Hamson

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The hippocampus is an area of the brain that undergoes dramatic plasticity in response to experience and hormone exposure. The hippocampus retains the ability to produce new neurones in most mammalian species and is a structure that is targeted in a number of neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric diseases, many of which are influenced by both sex and sex(More)
Gonadal steroids are potent regulators of adult neurogenesis. We previously reported that androgens, such as testosterone (T) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), but not estradiol, increased the survival of new neurons in the dentate gyrus of the male rat. These results suggest androgens regulate hippocampal neurogenesis via the androgen receptor (AR). To test(More)
Gonadal steroids such as testosterone and estrogen are necessary for the normal activation of male rat sexual behavior. The medial preoptic area (MPOA), an important neural substrate regulating mating, accumulates steroids and also expresses functional androgen receptors (AR). The MPOA is intimately connected with other regions implicated in copulation,(More)
Onuf's nucleus, a collection of motoneurons within the spinal cord, is often spared in the neurodegenerative disorder amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. To assess whether these cells survive in a rodent model of this disease, motoneurons were counted in the spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (an homologous structure to Onuf's), as well as in two other cell(More)
This study utilized Fos expression to map the distribution of activated cells in brainstem areas following masculine sexual behavior. Males displaying both appetitive and consumatory sexual behaviors (Cop) were compared to animals prevented from copulation (NC) and to socially isolated (SI) animals. Following copulation, Fos was preferentially augmented in(More)
Both natural oestrogens and progesterone influence synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis within the female hippocampus. However, less is known of the impact of synthetic hormones on hippocampal structure and function. There is some evidence that the administration of the synthetic progestin, medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is not as beneficial as natural(More)
The sexual motivation of male rats may be inferred from a preference to stay in proximity to estrous female partners, and also from a short latency to show mounting behavior. Here, partner preference was assessed in rats carrying the testicular feminization mutation (TFM), and compared to wild type (WT) males in one version of this paradigm, and WT females(More)
Deletion of the gene Foxp2 affects ultrasonic vocalizations and induces morphological abnormalities in the Purkinje cell layer of the cerebellum in mice. Castration decreases the production of ultrasonic vocalizations in rats, but the mechanisms of androgenic regulation of ultrasounds are unknown. We explored a possible relationship between Foxp2 expression(More)
The spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (SNB) in rodents is a neuromuscular system consisting of lumbar motoneurons and the perineal muscles they innervate, the bulbocavernosus and levator ani. This system is present prenatally in both males and females but degenerates postnatally in females because of the lack of perinatal androgens. Whether androgens(More)