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Gene silencing through RNA interference (RNAi) has revolutionized the study of gene function, particularly in non-model insects. However, in Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) RNAi has many times proven to be difficult to achieve. Most of the negative results have been anecdotal and the positive experiments have not been collected in such a way that they(More)
Plants encode a distinct set of polygalacturonase inhibitory proteins (PGIPs) that function to inhibit polygalacturonase enzymes produced by soft-rot fungal pathogens. We characterized two PGIP-encoding genes (Bnpgip1 and Bnpgip2) from Brassica napus DH12075 (a double-haploid line derived from a cross between 'Crésor' and 'Westar'). The two proteins(More)
The seed maturation program is repressed during germination and seedling development so that embryonic genes are not expressed in vegetative organs. Here, we describe a regulator that represses the expression of embryonic seed maturation genes in vegetative tissues. ASIL1 (for Arabidopsis 6b-interacting protein 1-like 1) was isolated by its interaction with(More)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a ubiquitous necrotrophic fungal pathogen capable of infecting a wide range of plants. To identify genes involved in fungal development and pathogenesis we generated 2232 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from two cDNA libraries constructed using either mycelia grown in pectin medium or tissues from infected Brassica napus stems. A(More)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is unusual among necrotrophic pathogens in its requirement for senescent tissues to establish an infection and to complete the life cycle. A model for the infection process has emerged whereby the pathogenic phase is bounded by saprophytic phases; the distinction being that the dead tissues in the latter are generated by the actions(More)
Subtractive expressed sequence tag analysis and screening of cDNA libraries derived from Brassica napus leaves subjected to mechanical wounding, flea beetle feeding or cold temperatures revealed eight genes encoding NAC-domain transcription factors. The genes were found to be differentially regulated in response to biotic and abiotic stresses including(More)
A Pichia pastoris system was used to express a single-chain antibody (scFv) targeted against Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm) serpins. To improve scFv production we examined parameters such as proteinase activity, temperature, cell density, osmotic stress, medium composition, pH, and reiterative induction. P. pastoris was found to express several(More)
The Arabidopsis microRNA156 (miR156) regulates 11 members of the SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN LIKE (SPL) family by base pairing to complementary target mRNAs. Each SPL gene further regulates a set of other genes; thus, miR156 controls numerous genes through a complex gene regulation network. Increased axillary branching occurs in transgenic Arabidopsis(More)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum fruiting bodies (sclerotia) were found to harbour bacteria that possess anti-fungal activity. Among 1,140 bacterial isolates collected, 32 were found to inhibit the growth of four common fungal pathogens of canola, S. sclerotiorum, Rhizoctonia solani, Alternaria brassicae and Leptosphaeria maculans. One of these broad-spectrum(More)
The activities of digestive protease within the midgut of Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm) larvae were examined using specific substrates and protease inhibitors. The bulk of the activity was associated with serine proteases comprising trypsin-, chymotrypsin-, and elastase-like enzymes. At least 10-15 serine protease isozymes were detected using(More)