Dwain D'Souza

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Abstract Rationale. Selective serotonin (5-HT, 5-hydroxytryptamine) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as fluoxetine produce a gradual desensitization of hypothalamic post-synaptic 5-HT1A receptor systems. It is assumed that the effects of SSRIs on post-synaptic 5-HT1A receptors are mediated by 5-HT reuptake inhibition, leading to an increase of 5-HT in the(More)
It is well known that transfer of CD4+CD45RBhigh (naïve) T cells into syngeneic lymphocyte-deficient mice induces chronic colitis. However, no studies have reported the presence of small bowel inflammation in this T cell-dependent model. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate and compare small and large bowel inflammation induced by transfer(More)
The effect of interferon inducing complex of polyriboinosinic, polyribocytidylic acid with poly-L-lysine and carboxymethylcellulose - Poly (ICLC) - on the response of Lewis lung carcinoma in C57B1 mice to radiation treatments was studied. Improved tumor response was obtained in mice receiving 1.5 mg/m2 or higher of Poly (ICLC). Such doses have induced more(More)
The induction and perpetuation of chronic colitis are thought to involve a complex set of adhesive interactions between T cells and endothelial cells located on the vasculature within secondary lymphoid tissue and the intestine. The objective of this study was to assess the roles of T cell-associated CD18, CD62L (L-selectin), ICAM-1, and P-selectin(More)
BACKGROUND This study sought to identify genes in nontypical meningiomas with gains in copy number (CN) that correlate with earlier age of onset, an indicator of aggressiveness. METHODS Among 94 adult patients, 91 had 105 meningiomas that were histologically confirmed. World Health Organization grades I (typical), II (atypical), and III (anaplastic) were(More)
The effects of whole-body X-irradiation on vitamin B12-protein complex formation in gastric juice after oral administration of [57Co]-B12 have been studied. Two proteins with B12-binding activity have been isolated by gel filtration from gastric juice. 57Co-activity, recovered from B12-protein complex in gastric juice, is found to be about 30% less in the(More)
The effect of whole-body exposure of rats to a sub-lethal dose (400 rad) of x-rays on the absorptive capacity of intestinal mucosal cells for vitamin B12 has been studied. The rate of absorption of vitamin B12 from the intestinal loops is decreased in x-irradiated rat. Inclusion of gastric juice from normal rat does not improve the rate. A severe(More)
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