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Prolactin (PRL) enhanced bone remodeling leading to net bone loss in adult and net bone gain in young animals. Studies in PRL-exposed osteoblasts derived from adult humans revealed an increase in the expression ratio of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG), thus supporting the previous finding of PRL-induced(More)
To understand the relationship among cholesterolemia, hyperglycemic stage in non obese type 2 diabetes mellitus, and histological perturbations on liver, retina, hippocampus, and Harderian gland, we maintained rat on a diet high in cholesterol for fourteen weeks, then analyzed blood lipid profiles, blood glucose, hepatic enzymes, and microscopic lesion of(More)
Hyperprolactinemia leads to high bone turnover as a result of enhanced bone formation and resorption. Although its osteopenic effect has long been explained as hyperprolactinemia-induced hypogonadism, identified prolactin (PRL) receptors in osteoblasts suggested a possible direct action of PRL on bone. In the present study, we found that hyperprolactinemia(More)
A recent investigation in lactating rats has provided evidence that the lactogenic hormone prolactin (PRL) increases endochondral bone growth and bone elongation, presumably by accelerating apoptosis of hypertrophic chondrocytes in the growth plate and/or subsequent chondrogenic matrix mineralization. Herein, we demonstrated the direct chondroregulatory(More)
Hyperprolactinemia is one of the risk factor of decrease in bone mass which has been believed to be mediated by hypogonadism. However, the presence of prolactin receptor in human osteosarcoma cell line and primary bone cell culture from mouse calvariae supported the hypothesis of a direct prolactin (PRL) action on bone cells. Therefore, the aim of this(More)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often occurs concurrently with high blood cholesterol or dyslipidemia. Although T2DM has been hypothesized to impair bone microstructure, several investigations showed that, when compared to age-matched healthy individuals, T2DM patients had normal or relatively high bone mineral density (BMD). Since cholesterol and lipids(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effect of resorbable collagen plug (RCP) on bone regeneration in rat calvarial critical-size defects. METHODS About 5-mm-diameter calvarial defects were created in forty 12-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats and implanted with or without RCP. Animals were killed at 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks(More)
Prolactin is an important hormone involved in the interaction between maternal, extraembryonic, and fetal tissues that remains in high levels during the entire duration of pregnancy. Although many systemic alterations occur during pregnancy, such as hormonal changes, that are known to be associated with periodontitis and tooth loss, PRL function in human(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been regarded as a risk for bone health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CKD on bone defect repair in rats. Uremia was induced by subtotal renal ablation, and serum levels of BUN and PTH were significantly elevated four weeks after the second renal surgery. Calvarial defects of 5-mm diameter were created(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been regarded as a grave public health problem. Estrogen is a critical factor for both renal protection and bone remodeling. Our previous study demonstrated that CKD impairs the healing of titanium implants. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of estrogen deficiency on the mandibular bone in CKD(More)
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