Dusten Unruh

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Inflammatory cross talk between perivascular adipose tissue and the blood vessel wall has been proposed to contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We previously reported that human perivascular (PV) adipocytes exhibit a proinflammatory phenotype and less adipogenic differentiation than do subcutaneous (SQ) adipocytes. To gain a global view of the(More)
BACKGROUND Blood biomarkers for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke diagnosis remain elusive. Recent investigations suggested that apolipoprotein (Apo), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), and paraoxonase-1 may be associated with stroke. We hypothesized that Apo A-I, Apo C-I, Apo C-III, MMP-3, MMP-9, and paraoxonase-1 are differentially expressed in ischemic(More)
Alternatively spliced tissue factor (asTF) promotes neovascularization and monocyte recruitment via integrin ligation. While asTF mRNA has been detected in some pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cell lines and increased asTF expression can promote PDAC growth in a subcutaneous model, the expression of asTF protein in bona fide PDAC lesions and/or its(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor-derived tissue factor (TF) activates coagulation in vitro and in vivo in an orthotopic model of human pancreatic cancer. Here, we further characterized tumor-derived TF in this model. METHODS Conditioned medium (CM) of L3.6pl human pancreatic tumor cells and plasma from nude mice bearing L3.6pl tumors were ultracentrifuged, and the(More)
Alternatively spliced Tissue Factor (asTF) is a secreted form of Tissue Factor (TF), the trigger of blood coagulation whose expression levels are heightened in several forms of solid cancer, including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). asTF binds to β1 integrins on PDAC cells, whereby it promotes tumor growth, metastatic spread, and monocyte(More)
A total of 959 faecal samples were obtained from dogs in 12 native communities in Northern Saskatchewan, Central and Northern Alberta and the Northwest Territories. All samples were examined using a flotation technique. Samples from an area of endemic human amoebic infections were also examined by a formol-ether sedimentation method. Eighteen necropsies(More)
Mutant isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) is common in gliomas, and produces D-2-hydroxyglutarate (D-2-HG). The full effects of IDH1 mutations on glioma biology and tumor microenvironment are unknown. We analyzed a discovery cohort of 169 World Health Organization (WHO) grade II–IV gliomas, followed by a validation cohort of 148 cases, for IDH1 mutations,(More)
BACKGROUND High-fat diet (HFD) promotes endothelial dysfunction and proinflammatory monocyte activation, which contribute to atherosclerosis in obesity. We investigated whether HFD also induces the dysfunction of red blood cells (RBCs), which serve as a reservoir for chemokines via binding to Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC). METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to evaluate the mechanisms underlying the effects of red blood cells (RBCs) on the reactivity of monocytes to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. METHODS Measurements of tissue factor (TF) antigen and activity were performed on freshly isolated white blood cells (WBCs)/platelets resuspended in heparinized plasma, as well as cultured(More)
Circulating (‘blood-borne’) tissue factor (TF) is implicated in the pathogenesis of several chronic conditions, most notably cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Full-length TF is an integral membrane protein, while alternatively spliced TF (asTF) can be secreted and, owing to its unique C-terminus, selectively detected in bio-specimens. The(More)