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In its simplest form, effective T cell-mediated immunity emanates from the expansion of specific T cells activated in response to antigen. In establishing and maintaining the peripheral T-cell pool, the thymus plays a critical role. It does so by providing a microenvironment within which T-cell precursors proliferate, differentiate and undergo selection(More)
The present study was undertaken in order to further clarify putative role of the adrenergic innervation in the regulation of the intrathymic T-cell maturation. For this purpose adult male DA rats were subjected to either 4-day- or 16-day-long propranolol treatment (0.40 mg propranolol/100 g/day, s.c.) and the expression of CD4/8/TCRalphabeta on thymocytes,(More)
Because of high sequence homology between microbial and endogenous heat shock proteins (HSP), immunological cross-reactivity to microbial HSP has been suggested as a possible cause of the development of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis. The present study aimed to determine a potential role of HSP47, a molecular chaperone involved in the(More)
PROBLEM Studies on experimental antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) models proved that molecular mimicry between plasma protein beta(2)-glycoprotein I (beta(2)GPI) and structure within micro-organisms or their products, might be a cause for experimental APS. Considering the heterogeneity of polyclonal antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs), it is important to(More)
The study examined the putative role of ovarian hormones in shaping of rat peripheral T-cell compartment during post-reproductive period. In 20-month-old rats ovariectomized (Ox) at the very end of reproductive period, thymic output, cellularity and composition of major TCRαβ + peripheral blood lymphocyte and splenocyte subsets were analyzed. Ovariectomy(More)
OBJECTIVE Considering a causal role of androgens in thymic involution, age-related remodeling of peripheral T-cell compartments in the absence of testicular hormones was evaluated. METHODS Rats were orchidectomized (ORX) at the age of 1 month, and T-peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and splenocytes from young (75-day-old) and aged (24-month-old) rats(More)
The study was undertaken to assess the effects of ovarian hormone withdrawal in prepubertal age on thymopoiesis in 2- (young) and 11-month-old (middle-aged) rats. In ovariectomized (Ox) rats, irrespective of age, thymic weight and cellularity were greater than in age-matched controls, but the values of both parameters exhibited the age-related decline. In(More)
This study explores the role of ovarian hormones in the phenotypic shaping of peripheral T-cell pool over the reproductive lifespan of rats. For this purpose, 2-month-old prepubertally ovariectomised (Ox) rats, showing oestrogen and progesterone deficiency, and 11-month-old Ox rats, exhibiting only progesterone deficiency, were examined for thymus output,(More)
We studied the effects of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and NPY-related receptor specific peptides on functions of carrageenan-elicited granulocytes in vitro and ability of NPY to modulate carrageenan-induced air pouch inflammation in rats in vivo. Anti-inflammatory effect of NPY comprises reduced granulocyte accumulation into the air pouch, to some extent(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether chronic stress, induced by repeated daily swimming during 21 days, alters the morphofunctional parameters in the thymus of adult rats. Our results showed that chronic stress reduced thymus mass, total number of thymocytes, volume of the thymus compartments and numerical density of thymocytes within thymus(More)