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Constitutional SMARCB1 mutations at 22q11.23 have been found in ∼50% of familial and <10% of sporadic schwannomatosis cases. We sequenced highly conserved regions along 22q from eight individuals with schwannomatosis whose schwannomas involved somatic loss of one copy of 22q, encompassing SMARCB1 and NF2, with a different somatic mutation of the other NF2(More)
ABSTRACT Short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (SCAD) deficiency is considered a rare inherited mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation disorder. Less than 10 patients have been reported, diagnosed on the basis of ethylmalonic aciduria and low SCAD activity in cultured fibroblast. However, mild ethylmalonic aciduria, a biochemical marker of functional SCAD(More)
Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKHA) is a malformation complex comprising absent vagina and absent or rudimentary uterus. The aim of our study was to describe the type and frequency of anomalies associated with the MRKHA. Between 1975 and 2002, 25 patients with a diagnosis of MRKHA were identified at the Mayo Clinic. These charts were reviewed(More)
Acrochordons are frequently encountered benign skin lesions that may occasionally represent underlying pathology. Pancreatic islet-cell tumors are rare neoplasms and few cases have been described in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). A 39-year-old man presenting in acute renal failure was referred to us for further diagnostic evaluation of(More)
CONTEXT Autosomal dominant inactivating sprouty-related EVH1 domain-containing protein 1 (SPRED1) mutations have recently been described in individuals presenting mainly with café au lait macules (CALMs), axillary freckling, and macrocephaly. The extent of the clinical spectrum of this new disorder needs further delineation. OBJECTIVE To determine the(More)
Approximately 5% of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) have deletions of the entire NF1 gene. The phenotype usually includes early onset, large number of neurofibromas, presence of congenital anomalies, cognitive deficiency, and variable dysmorphic features and growth abnormalities. Connective tissue abnormalities are not generally recognised as a(More)
Infantile- and juvenile-onset spinal cerebellar ataxia (SCA) is associated with expansion of 130 to more than 200 CAG-repeats in the SCA2 and SCA7 genes. Routine clinical assays for SCA2 and SCA7, which use polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and denaturing PAGE (polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis), will not reliably detect such large expansions. An assay based(More)
We report on a male infant with otopalatodigital syndrome type 2 (OPD2) associated with a novel c.514C>G FLNA mutation and unusual clinical features including bifid tongue and congenital corneal clouding. Bifid tongue and congenital corneal clouding have each only been described once previously in a patient with OPD2, and this is the first description of(More)
N-linked glycosylation is the most frequent modification of secreted and membrane-bound proteins in eukaryotic cells, disruption of which is the basis of the congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs). We describe a new type of CDG caused by mutations in the steroid 5alpha-reductase type 3 (SRD5A3) gene. Patients have mental retardation and ophthalmologic(More)
Although biallelic mutations in non-collagen genes account for <10% of individuals with osteogenesis imperfecta, the characterization of these genes has identified new pathways and potential interventions that could benefit even those with mutations in type I collagen genes. We identified mutations in FKBP10, which encodes the 65 kDa prolyl cis-trans(More)