Dusanka S Skundric

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Cytokines, proteins that are secreted by many cells, including inflammatory and glial cells, mediate interactions between cells, generally through paracrine and autocrine networks. Their effects are highly pleiotropic, with overlap of some activities. The pathogenesis of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), especially the classic inflammatory demyelinating(More)
Diabetic neuropathy develops as a result of hyperglycemia-induced local metabolic and microvascular changes in both type I and type II diabetes mellitus. Diabetic neuropathy shows slower impulse conduction, axonal degeneration, and impaired regeneration. Diabetic neuropathy affects peripheral, central, and visceral sensorimotor and motor nerves, causing(More)
Cytokines secreted within the central nervous system (CNS) are important in the development of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions. The balance between Th1, monocyte/macrophage (M/M) and Th2 cytokines in the CNS may be pivotal in determining the outcome of lesion development. We examined the effects of mixtures of cytokines on gene expression by CNS glial(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a CD4+ T-cell mediated disease, which resembles immunopathology of multiple sclerosis (MS). Interleukin (IL)-16 is a CD4+ cell-specific chemoattractant cytokine. In CD4+ T cells, production of bioactive IL-16 from constitutive pro-IL-16 requires cleavage by active caspase-3. We reported reversal of(More)
Infiltration of the central nervous system (CNS) by CD4+ Th1 cells precedes onset and relapses of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). We reported that (B6xSJL) F1 (H-2b/s) mice with severe relapsing-remitting disease had extensive infiltration by CD4+ T cells compared to that in C57BL/6 (B6) (H-2b) mice, which developed mild low-relapsing(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a central nervous system-specific autoimmune, demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease. Infiltration of lesions by autoaggressive, myelin-specific CD4+Th1 cells correlates with clinical manifestations of disease. The cytokine IL-16 is a CD4+ T cell-specific chemoattractant that is biased towards CD4+ Th1 cells. IL-16 precursor(More)
Blood-brain barrier permeability to homologous serum125I-IgG and to D-[3H]mannitol was studied by means of the brain vascular perfusion method in guinea pigs with experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE). EAE was induced with homologous myelin basic protein (MBP) after pretreatment with foreign protein and muramyl dipeptide (MDP). The results suggest a(More)
The existence of an immunological blood-brain barrier to homologous blood-borne immunoglobulin G (IgG) was investigated in the guinea pig using a vascular brain perfusion technique in situ. Cerebrovascular unidirectional transfer constants (Kin) for 125I-labeled IgG (2.5 micrograms/ml) estimated from the multiple-time brain uptake data, ranged from 0.53 to(More)
We reported Schwann cell (SC)-specific autoregulation of IL-1 in vitro [J. Neuroimmunol. 74 (1997a)]. Whether SC resume this autoregulatory potential in vivo and what significance it may have for processes leading to inflammation and demyelination of the peripheral nerve remain obscure. Therefore, we examine SC-specific autoregulation of IL-1alpha, IL-1beta(More)