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The effect of L-glutamate, kainate and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) on membrane currents of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes and their respective precursors was studied in acute spinal cord slices of rats between the ages of postnatal days 5 and 13 using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. L-glutamate (10(-3) M), kainate (10(-3) M), and NMDA (2x10(-3) M)(More)
The cell membrane of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes is almost exclusively permeable for K+. Depolarizing and hyperpolarizing voltage steps produce in oligodendrocytes, but not in astrocytes, decaying passive currents followed by large tail currents (Itail) after the offset of a voltage jump. The aim of the present study was to characterize the properties(More)
In rat brain and spinal cord slices, the local extracellular accumulation of K(+), as indicated by K(+) tail currents (I(tail)) after a depolarization step, is greater in the vicinity of oligodendrocytes than that of astrocytes. It has been suggested that this may reflect a smaller extracellular space (ECS) around oligodendrocytes compared to astrocytes(More)
Using the patch-clamp technique in the whole-cell configuration combined with intracellular dialysis of the fluorescent dye Lucifer yellow (LY), the membrane properties of cells in slices of the lumbar portion of the frog spinal cord (n=64) and the filum terminale (FT, n=48) have been characterized and correlated with their morphology. Four types of cells(More)
Polymastia is a fairly well-described and not entirely uncommon developmental anomaly in embryogenesis of the breast. It occurs in the milk line, most often in the axila but may also be present outside of this area. Clinical manifestation of polymastia is due to sex hormones, especially during puberty, pregnancy and lactation. Supernumerary/ aberrant(More)
Malignant melanoma (MM) urgently needs identification of new markers with better predictive value than currently-used clinical and histological parameters. Cancer cells stimulate the formation of a specialized tumor microenvironment, which reciprocally affects uncontrolled proliferation and migration. However, this microenvironment is heterogeneous with(More)
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