Durval Campos Costa

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether visual assessment of [123I]-FP-CIT (DaTSCAN, Nycomed Amersham, plc) single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) images can differentiate between parkinsonism and essential tremor (ET). METHODS [123I]-FP-CIT SPECT imaging was conducted in a six-center study of 158 patients with a clinical diagnosis of parkinsonism(More)
BACKGROUND The mind's ability to think about the mind has attracted substantial research interest in cognitive science in recent decades, as 'theory of mind'. No research has attempted to identify the brain basis of this ability, probably because it involves several separate processes. As a first step, we investigated one component process-the ability to(More)
Fluorine-18 3′-deoxy-3′-fluorothymidine (18FLT) is a tissue proliferation marker which has been suggested as a new tumour-specific imaging tracer in positron emission tomography (PET). The objectives of this study were to investigate the pharmacokinetics of 18FLT in patients with colorectal cancer, defining methodologies for the quantitative analysis of the(More)
BACKGROUND We tested whether cortical and subcortical regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) differs between patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and healthy controls. We then explored the relationship between rCBF and OCD mental state. METHOD Thirty out-patients from the Maudsley Hospital with OCD as defined in DSM-III-R were scanned at rest(More)
We used SPECT to examine striatal D2 receptor binding in 20 antipsychotic-free DSM-III-R schizophrenic patients and 20 age- and sex-matched normal controls. Dynamic single-slice SPECT, at a slice chosen to include the basal ganglia, began immediately following intravenous injection of 185 MBq of 123I-IBZM. A semiquantitative approach was used to generate(More)
BACKGROUND and aims: Positron emission tomography (PET) using (18)F labelled 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)FDG) is an established imaging tool, although the recent development of a biologically stable thymidine analogue [18F] 3'-deoxy-3-fluorothymidine ((18)FLT) has allowed PET to image cellular proliferation by utilising the salvage pathway of DNA(More)
Relative regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured at rest and during a verbal fluency task in ten elderly patients with major depressive disorder and nine controls. At rest, depressed patients showed significant reductions in the cortico-cerebellar ratios of tracer uptake in the right and left parietal, left temporal and left occipital regions.(More)
BACKGROUND Chronically dysfunctional myocardium may improve after coronary revascularization. This condition was thought to be due to a chronically reduced myocardial blood flow (MBF). Recently, however, it has been shown that in patients without previous infarction but with chronic left ventricular dysfunction, baseline MBF was normal. METHODS AND(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) is now in routine use in oncology, through the success of metabolic imaging, mainly with fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). Clear benefit is obtained with FDG PET in the assessment of patients with recurrent or residual disease, especially colorectal cancer and lymphoma. Preoperative staging of non-small-cell lung cancer with FDG(More)