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OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether visual assessment of [123I]-FP-CIT (DaTSCAN, Nycomed Amersham, plc) single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) images can differentiate between parkinsonism and essential tremor (ET). METHODS [123I]-FP-CIT SPECT imaging was conducted in a six-center study of 158 patients with a clinical diagnosis of parkinsonism(More)
Fluorine-18 3′-deoxy-3′-fluorothymidine (18FLT) is a tissue proliferation marker which has been suggested as a new tumour-specific imaging tracer in positron emission tomography (PET). The objectives of this study were to investigate the pharmacokinetics of 18FLT in patients with colorectal cancer, defining methodologies for the quantitative analysis of the(More)
BACKGROUND and aims: Positron emission tomography (PET) using (18)F labelled 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)FDG) is an established imaging tool, although the recent development of a biologically stable thymidine analogue [18F] 3'-deoxy-3-fluorothymidine ((18)FLT) has allowed PET to image cellular proliferation by utilising the salvage pathway of DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Chronically dysfunctional myocardium may improve after coronary revascularization. This condition was thought to be due to a chronically reduced myocardial blood flow (MBF). Recently, however, it has been shown that in patients without previous infarction but with chronic left ventricular dysfunction, baseline MBF was normal. METHODS AND(More)
We used SPECT to examine striatal D2 receptor binding in 20 antipsychotic-free DSM-III-R schizophrenic patients and 20 age- and sex-matched normal controls. Dynamic single-slice SPECT, at a slice chosen to include the basal ganglia, began immediately following intravenous injection of 185 MBq of 123I-IBZM. A semiquantitative approach was used to generate(More)
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with the tracer 99Tcm-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime (HMPAO) provides images allowing semiquantitative estimation of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). Despite its widespread use there is little data on patterns of rCBF obtained using this tracer in normal elderly subjects, although other methods of(More)
BACKGROUND The mind's ability to think about the mind has attracted substantial research interest in cognitive science in recent decades, as 'theory of mind'. No research has attempted to identify the brain basis of this ability, probably because it involves several separate processes. As a first step, we investigated one component process-the ability to(More)
According to the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia, D2 receptor blockade is essential for a drug to have antipsychotic potency, and antipsychotic potency and D2 blockade are linearly related in vitro. To test this assumption in vivo, we have compared clinical response with central D2 dopamine receptor availability measured by 123I-iodobenzamide single(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) is now in routine use in oncology, through the success of metabolic imaging, mainly with fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). Clear benefit is obtained with FDG PET in the assessment of patients with recurrent or residual disease, especially colorectal cancer and lymphoma. Preoperative staging of non-small-cell lung cancer with FDG(More)