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Congenital malaria, defined as the presence of malaria parasites in the erythrocytes of newborns aged <7 days, was considered rare in endemic areas until recent studies started reporting high prevalence rates. Various theories have been postulated to explain this phenomenon, but they are not proven conclusively from research. Against this background, a(More)
A retrospective study of 48 children with pyogenic meningitis who were admitted between January 1986 and December, 1987 at the Ogun State University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu has shown that childhood meningitis is an important health problem in the community as it accounted for 2.8% of 1,724 admissions into the paediatric ward. The ages of the patients(More)
Five hundred and twenty educated, breastfeeding women in Sagamu, Nigeria, were observed prospectively in order to describe their infant feeding practices and to determine whether any predictors of the return of menses could be identified. The women remained amenorrheic for seven months. Compared with similarly selected women in other countries, they(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the performance of OptiMAL, a rapid malaria antigen capture dipstick, in diagnosing congenital malaria. METHODS Live newborns aged 0-3 days, delivered at Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria between August 2004 and January 2005, were screened for malaria parasitaemia with an immunochromatographic test(More)
This was a prospective study involving 371 mothers. The mean age of the mothers was 27.5 (.3.6) years with a mean years at school (Educational years) of 11.3 (2.9) years. All the mothers had previously breastfed at one of their infants for at least 6 months, while the mothers also breastfed their last child for an average (mean) of 10.3 (4.0) months. The(More)
Two fluids derived from local staple food, Manioc Salt Solution (MSS) and Pap Salt Solution (PSS) were assessed and compared with the World Health Organization/Oral Rehydration Solution (WHO/ORS) in 333 children aged between 6 and 60 months in a clinical trial. All the children had some dehydration after episodes of acute watery diarrhoea using WHO(More)
Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1.0) and peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) were determined in 131 school children and adolescents aged between 5 and 20 years to determine normal values among Nigerian school children. The results were analyzed with respect to the ages, heights, weights, chest circumference and body(More)
Fasting blood glucose, serum protein and glycosylated haemoglobin level (HbA1c) were determined in 50 children (aged 1-5 years) suffering from protein-energy malnutrition and in 25 healthy and nutritionally normal children of the same age group. It was observed that HbA1c correlated well with the blood glucose values of the children. It was also observed(More)
In a randomized clinical trial the efficacy of Pap-salt solution (PSS) was compared with the World Health Organization (WHO) oral rehydration salt (ORS) solution in 212 children 6 months to 5 years old: 101 cases (52 males and 49 females) and 111 controls (41 males and 70 females) at the primary health care centers of Ijebu-Igbo, Ita-Oba in Sagamu, and at(More)