Durga Nand Tripathi

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Subcellular localization is emerging as an important mechanism for mTORC1 regulation. We report that the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) signalling node, TSC1, TSC2 and Rheb, localizes to peroxisomes, where it regulates mTORC1 in response to reactive oxygen species (ROS). TSC1 and TSC2 were bound by peroxisomal biogenesis factors 19 and 5 (PEX19 and PEX5),(More)
Reactive intermediates such as reactive nitrogen species play essential roles in the cell as signaling molecules but, in excess, constitute a major source of cellular damage. We found that nitrosative stress induced by steady-state nitric oxide (NO) caused rapid activation of an ATM damage-response pathway leading to downstream signaling by this stress(More)
Peroxisomes are highly metabolic, autonomously replicating organelles that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a by-product of fatty acid β-oxidation. Consequently, cells must maintain peroxisome homeostasis, or risk pathologies associated with too few peroxisomes, such as peroxisome biogenesis disorders, or too many peroxisomes, inducing oxidative(More)
Chemoprotection refers to the protection from the toxicity of one chemical by the intervention of another. Conflicting preclinical and clinical reports make it difficult to either ignore or accept the use of chemoprotectants during cancer chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The selection of anticancer drugs depends on the type and stage of cancer development.(More)
1Department of Internal Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52246, USA 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA 3Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), Hyderabad, Telangana 500037, India(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the main causes of end stage renal disease (ESRD) and a leading cause of diabetes mellitus related morbidity and mortality. Recently, sirtuin are reported to have emerging pathogenetic roles in cancer, muscle differentiation, heart failure, neurodegeneration, diabetes and aging. The aim of the present study was to study(More)
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, IA 52246, USA 2Centre for Translational Cancer Research, IBT, Texas A&M HSC, Houston, TX 77030, USA 3Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 500037, India 4Centre for Genetic Diseases(More)
Posttranslational modifications (PTMs) of tubulin specify microtubules for specialized cellular functions and comprise what is termed a "tubulin code." PTMs of histones comprise an analogous "histone code," although the "readers, writers, and erasers" of the cytoskeleton and epigenome have heretofore been distinct. We show that methylation is a PTM of(More)
Peroxisomes participate in lipid metabolism, and are a major source of ROS in the cell. Their importance in cellular energy balance and redox homeostasis is well-established, as is the need to maintain peroxisome homeostasis to prevent pathologies associated with too few, or too many, of these organelles. How cells regulate peroxisome number has remained(More)
The mechanisms underlying neurodegenerative disorders are complex and multifactorial; however, accumulating evidences suggest few common shared pathways. These common pathways include mitochondrial dysfunction, intracellular Ca2+ overload, oxidative stress and inflammation. Often multiple pathways co-exist, and therefore limit the benefits of therapeutic(More)