Durbaka Vijaya Raghava Prasad

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BACKGROUND Programmed Death-1 (PD-1; CD279) receptor molecule is widely believed to be a negative regulator predominantly expressed by exhausted/activated mouse T cells. Upon interaction with its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, PD-1 inhibits activation of T cells and cytokine production, which has been documented in various viral and fungal infections as well as(More)
After the engagement of Ag receptor, most of the Th cells for their optimal activation require a second (costimulatory) signal provided by the APCs. We demonstrate the isolation and characterization of a 99- to 105-kDa protein (B2), from LPS-activated B cell surface, and its function as a Th2-specific costimulatory molecule. Appearance of B2 as a single(More)
The aim of this paper is to review the developments of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) biology, its ligands, and various functions, in particular we discuss the anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic role in chronic inflammatory diseases. FXR is a ligand-dependent transcription factor belonging to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. The accrued data have(More)
Innate sensors play a critical role in the early innate immune responses to invading pathogens through sensing of diverse biochemical signatures also known as pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). These biochemical signatures primarily consist of a major family of biomolecules such as proteins, lipids, nitrogen bases, and sugar and its complexes,(More)
Co-receptors on the B-cell surface regulate B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) signaling; however, it remains unclear how BCR signals are coordinated to maintain immune homeostasis. CD72, a negative regulator of B-cell responses, has immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs within its cytoplasmic region, and the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 binds these(More)
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