Duncan vB. Neuhauser

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BACKGROUND Despite the availability of standard instruments for evaluating health-related quality life (HRQoL), the feasibility, reliability, and validity of such instruments among tuberculosis (TB) patients in different populations of sub-Saharan Africa where TB burden is of concern, is still lacking. OBJECTIVE We established the feasibility,(More)
CONTEXT The Surgical Care Improvement Project (SCIP) aims to reduce surgical infectious complication rates through measurement and reporting of 6 infection-prevention process-of-care measures. However, an association between SCIP performance and clinical outcomes has not been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between SCIP(More)
BACKGROUND Recognizing the need to find new models for educating health professionals, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) initiated the Interdisciplinary Professional Education Collaborative in April 1994. The goal of the Collaborative is to improve health care by working from upstream, to address the health professions workforce changes(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals of this study were to examine the relationship of patient assessments of hospital care with patient and hospital characteristics. In addition, the authors sought to assess relationships between patient assessments and other patient-derived measures of care (eg, how much they were helped by the hospitalization and amount of pain(More)
Despite a decade's worth of effort, patient safety has improved slowly, in part because of the limited evidence base for the development and widespread dissemination of successful patient safety practices. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality sponsored an international group of experts in patient safety and evaluation methods to develop criteria(More)
Paul G. Shekelle, MD, PhD; Peter J. Pronovost, MD, PhD; Robert M. Wachter, MD; Kathryn M. McDonald, MM; Karen Schoelles, MD, SM; Sydney M. Dy, MD, MSc; Kaveh Shojania, MD; James T. Reston, PhD, MPH; Alyce S. Adams, PhD; Peter B. Angood, MD; David W. Bates, MD, MSc; Leonard Bickman, PhD; Pascale Carayon, PhD; Sir Liam Donaldson, MBChB, MSc, MD; Naihua Duan,(More)
These assertions are likely to provoke irritation, and what follows in this case study has not pleased several of the reviewers of an earlier draft. ’ Consider the individual parts of that initial sentence again. What is “the best evidence?” Randomized clinical trials are considered the best technique for evaluation in clinical medicine, but they are not(More)
Background: The completeness of Medicare claims for identifying patients with melanoma for purposes of conducting population-based studies of melanoma is unknown. Methods: Using a linked Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result (SEER) tumor registry-Medicare database, the sensitivity of Medicare claims for identifying 5372 patients age ≥65 years diagnosed(More)
STUDY DESIGN Observational retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected database. OBJECTIVE To determine whether overweight body mass index (BMI) influences 30-day outcomes of elective spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Obesity is prevalent in the United States, but its impact on the outcome of elective spine surgery remains(More)