Duncan Steel

Learn More
  • Xiaoqin Li, Yanwen Wu, +6 authors L J Sham
  • Science
  • 2003
We report coherent optical control of a biexciton (two electron-hole pairs), confined in a single quantum dot, that shows coherent oscillations similar to the excited-state Rabi flopping in an isolated atom. The pulse control of the biexciton dynamics, combined with previously demonstrated control of the single-exciton Rabi rotation, serves as the physical(More)
The 40 and 42 residue amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides are major components of the proteinaceous plaques prevalent in the Alzheimer's disease-afflicted brain and have been shown to have an important role in instigating neuronal degeneration. Whereas it was previously thought that Abeta becomes cytotoxic upon forming large fibrillar aggregates, recent studies(More)
Aggregation of Islet Amyloid Polypeptide (IAPP) has been implicated in the development of type II diabetes. Because IAPP is a highly amyloidogenic peptide, it has been suggested that the formation of IAPP amyloid fibers causes disruption of the cellular membrane and is responsible for the death of beta-cells during type II diabetes. Previous studies have(More)
The extracellular senile plaques prevalent in brain tissue in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are composed of amyloid fibrils formed by the Abeta peptide. These fibrils have been traditionally believed to be featured in neurotoxicity; however, numerous recent studies provide evidence that cytotoxicity in AD may be associated with low-molecular weight oligomers of(More)
Quantum computation requires a continuous supply of rapidly initialized qubits for quantum error correction. Here, we demonstrate fast spin state initialization with near unity efficiency in a singly charged quantum dot by optically cooling an electron spin. The electron spin is successfully cooled from 5 to 0.06 K at a magnetic field of 0.88 T applied in(More)
Transient nonlinear optical spectroscopy, performed on excitons confined to single GaAs quantum dots, shows oscillations that are analogous to Rabi oscillations in two-level atomic systems. This demonstration corresponds to a one-qubit rotation in a single quantum dot which is important for proposals using quantum dot excitons for quantum computing. The(More)
A single electron or hole spin trapped inside a semiconductor quantum dot forms the foundation for many proposed quantum logic devices. In group III-V materials, the resonance and coherence between two ground states of the single spin are inevitably affected by the lattice nuclear spins through the hyperfine interaction, while the dynamics of the single(More)
The in vitro folding of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase (AP) from the guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) denatured state is characterized by a significant slow phase in the post activational recovery of native protein lability (probed by the susceptibility to GdnHCl denaturation and occurring on the time scale of days) as well as a slow phase in the(More)
We report the discovery and initial characterization of the T-superfamily of conotoxins. Eight different T-superfamily peptides from five Conus species were identified; they share a consensus signal sequence, and a conserved arrangement of cysteine residues (- -CC- -CC-). T-superfamily peptides were found expressed in venom ducts of all major feeding types(More)
In yeast, the major mRNA degradation pathway is initiated by poly(A) tail shortening that triggers mRNA decapping. The mRNA is then degraded by 5'-to-3' exonucleolysis. In mammalian cells, even though poly(A) tail shortening also precedes mRNA degradation, the degradation pathway has not been elucidated. We have used a reverse transcription-PCR approach(More)