Duncan S. Buchan

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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of increasing the volume of weight-training from one to three sets upon body composition and muscular strength. METHODS Sixteen male weight-trainers volunteered to act as subjects and were randomly assigned to one of two training groups. Supervised weight-training targeting the upper body was(More)
OBJECTIVES This article examines the effects of brief, intense exercise in comparison with traditional endurance exercise on both novel and traditional markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in youth. METHODS Forty seven boys and ten girls (16.4 ± 0.7 years of age) were divided into a moderate (MOD), high intensity (HIT), or a control group. The MOD(More)
BACKGROUND With accumulating evidence suggesting that CVD has its origins in childhood, the purpose of this study was to examine whether a high intensity training (HIT) intervention could enhance the CVD risk profile of secondary school aged adolescents in a time efficient manner. METHODS Participants in the study were adolescent school children (64 boys,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare alcohol cleaning and natural drying of newborn umbilical cords. DESIGN Prospective, randomized controlled trial. SETTING Tertiary-level university teaching hospital and level II community hospital. PARTICIPANTS Of 1,876 singleton full-term newborns enrolled, 1,811 completed the study. INTERVENTIONS Newborns, from birth until(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of exercising at different intensities over 7 weeks on components of physical fitness and CVD risk factors. Forty-seven boys and 10 girls, (16.4±0.7 years of age) were divided into a moderate, high intensity, or a control group. All participants had indices of obesity and blood pressure recorded in(More)
Information on the health status and physical activity of Scottish adolescents is limited. This study examines the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Scottish adolescents by socioeconomic status (SES). Participants were recruited from two high schools that differed in the SES of the students in attendance. The sample included 73 boys and 34(More)
The present study examined the physiological impact of a school based sprint interval training (SIT) intervention in replacement of standard physical education (SPE) class on cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF) and glucose homeostasis during the semester following summer vacation. Participants (n=49) were randomly allocated to either intervention (SIT; n=26,(More)
BACKGROUND Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is common among patients attending the department of the authors of this article. With expanding roles of nurses in various clinics, the nurses are often asked for their advice on CAM use by their patients. CAM education is not part of the nursing curriculum in various parts of the world. The aim(More)
This study examined the independent relationships between cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness with cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. Subjects were 192 adolescents (118 boys), aged 15-17.5 years. The 2 m multi-stage fitness test assessed cardiorespiratory fitness and the counter movement jump assessed muscular fitness. Additional measures included(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to examine the independent associations between measures of adiposity and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with clustered cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. METHODS 209 adolescents (139 boys), aged 15-17.5 years participated. Participants completed anthropometric measurements [height, weight, waist circumference(More)