Duncan R Morhardt

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BACKGROUND Most retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) convey contrast and motion information to visual brain centers. Approximately 2% of RGCs are intrinsically photosensitive (ipRGCs), express melanopsin and are necessary for light to modulate specific physiological processes in mice. The ipRGCs directly target the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) to photoentrain(More)
PURPOSE In the Gbeta5(-/-) mouse, the electroretinogram (ERG) b-wave is absent, and the R7 subfamily of regulators of G protein signaling (RGS), which includes RGS6, -7, -9, and -11, is downregulated. Mutant mouse strains deficient in RGS7 or -11 were characterized, and the SG711 strain which is deficient in both proteins was examined, to learn whether the(More)
Development of visual system circuitry requires the formation of precise synaptic connections between neurons in the retina and brain. For example, axons from retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) form synapses onto neurons within subnuclei of the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) [i.e., the dorsal LGN (dLGN), ventral LGN (vLGN), and intergeniculate leaflet (IGL)].(More)
Two chimpanzees, 1535 and 1536, became persistently infected following inoculation with RNA transcripts from cDNA clones of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Analysis of the HCV genomes from both animals showed an accumulation of amino acid substitutions over time. The appearance of substitutions in the envelope genes was associated with increased antienvelope(More)
The hypothesis that the presence of macrocephaly might vary with the specific growth chart used was tested by using the Nellahus, CDC, and recent Rollins et al revision head circumference charts to plot the head circumferences of 253 children with neurodevelopmental disorders and with ages between 12 to 36 months; of these children, 59 had a diagnosis of(More)
Recent advances in our understanding of R7RGS proteins have benefited from studies involving the fifth member of the Gβ family (Gβ5) that is found throughout the visual system. Unlike conventional Gβsthat form dimers with Gγ, Gβ5 partners with R7RGS proteins, which contain the G-protein gamma-like (GGL) domain, to act as a GTPase accelerating protein (GAP)(More)
The link between neural activity and the refinement of projections from retina to the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) of thalamus is based largely on studies that disrupt presynaptic retinogeniculate activity. Postsynaptic mechanisms responsible for implementing the activity-dependent remodeling in dLGN remain unknown. We tested whether L-type(More)
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