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OBJECT Progressive intracranial hemorrhage after head injury is often observed on serial computerized tomography (CT) scans but its significance is uncertain. In this study, patients in whom two CT scans were obtained within 24 hours of injury were analyzed to determine the incidence, risk factors, and clinical significance of progressive hemorrhagic injury(More)
OBJECT Because lumbar magnetic resonance (MR) imaging fails to identify a treatable cause of chronic sciatica in nearly 1 million patients annually, the authors conducted MR neurography and interventional MR imaging in 239 consecutive patients with sciatica in whom standard diagnosis and treatment failed to effect improvement. METHODS After performing MR(More)
As part of a prospective study of the cerebrovascular effects of head injury, 54 moderate and severely injured patients underwent 184 133Xe-cerebral blood flow (CBF) studies to determine the relationship between the period of maximum blood flow and outcome. The lowest blood flows were observed on the day of injury (Day 0) and the highest CBFs were(More)
Worldwide, cysticercosis is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system. In endemic regions, the incidence of neurocysticercosis (NCC) approaches 4% of the general population. The disease is predominantly intracranial, the authors of most series generally report the incidence of spinal NCC as only 1.5 to 3% of all cases. Although(More)
Results of magnetic resonance spectroscopic (MRS) studies of the chemical patterns in brain tumors have been inconsistent. Actual biochemical correlations are needed. In 2 patients with heterogeneous intracranial tumors, in vivo 1H MRS and in vitro biochemical analyses were correlated. Histology confirmed the tumor heterogeneity. Choline was elevated in the(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is superior in delineating anatomic and pathologic information and has subsequently been married to the ability of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to provide insight into the biochemical changes underlying pathology. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) allows the non-invasive in vivo collection(More)
OBJECT Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system, and its prevalence is continuing to increase in the United States. The diagnosis of intraventricular NCC (IVNCC) may be difficult, and surgery frequently fails to resolve symptoms. A retrospective review of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics(More)
The chemical characteristics of 10 neoplastic and 11 infectious brain masses were studied by in vivo 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy. In tumors, peak height ratios of n-acetyl-L-aspartate to choline were decreased compared to those in normal brain tissue and infectious masses (p < 0.02), but the ratios in normal brains and those with infections did not(More)
The in vivo uptake and metabolism of radiolabeled putrescine was examined in two glioma models: (a) the T9 gliosarcoma in the CD Fischer rat and (b) the U-87 MG human glioblastoma in the athymic (nude) mouse. Autoradiography after parenteral administration of [14C]putrescine revealed rapid and selective uptake by both tumors compared with normal brain.(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior cervical spinal surgery has been used to treat a variety of conditions including spondylosis, fracture, tumor, infection, trauma, and instability. Esophageal perforation, a rare and unusual complication of anterior cervical procedures, has been largely relegated to only incidental case reports with few large retrospective studies(More)