Duncan McHale

Learn More
The complete inability to sense pain in an otherwise healthy individual is a very rare phenotype. In three consanguineous families from northern Pakistan, we mapped the condition as an autosomal-recessive trait to chromosome 2q24.3. This region contains the gene SCN9A, encoding the alpha-subunit of the voltage-gated sodium channel, Na(v)1.7, which is(More)
We describe here a previously unknown, dominantly inherited, late-onset basal ganglia disease, variably presenting with extrapyramidal features similar to those of Huntington's disease (HD) or parkinsonism. We mapped the disorder, by linkage analysis, to 19q13.3, which contains the gene for ferritin light polypeptide (FTL). We found an adenine insertion at(More)
Primary microcephaly is a clinical diagnosis made when an individual has a head circumference of greater than 3 standard deviations below the age and sex matched population mean, mental retardation but without other associated malformations and no apparent aetiology. The majority of cases of primary microcephaly exhibit an autosomal recessive mode of(More)
Primary (or "true") microcephaly is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and is thought to be genetically heterogeneous. Using autozygosity mapping, we have identified a genetic locus (MCPH1) for primary microcephaly, at chromosome 8p22-pter, in two consanguineous families of Pakistani origin. Our results indicate that the gene lies within a 13-cM(More)
The gene SCN9A is responsible for three human pain disorders. Nonsense mutations cause a complete absence of pain, whereas activating mutations cause severe episodic pain in paroxysmal extreme pain disorder and primary erythermalgia. This led us to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SCN9A were associated with differing pain(More)
The deposition of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) in the form of plaques in the brain is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neprilysin is the major Abeta-degradating enzyme and reduction in neprilysin activity could contribute to Alzheimer's by increasing the steady-state level of Abeta. To provide further evidence for the role of neprilysin in AD we(More)
Methionine-1 (M1)-linked ubiquitin chains regulate the activity of NF-κB, immune homeostasis, and responses to infection. The importance of negative regulators of M1-linked chains in vivo remains poorly understood. Here, we show that the M1-specific deubiquitinase OTULIN is essential for preventing TNF-associated systemic inflammation in humans and mice. A(More)
Cerebral palsy has an incidence of approximately 1/500 births, although this varies between different ethnic groups. Genetic forms of the disease account for approximately 1%-2% of cases in most countries but contribute a larger proportion in populations with extensive inbreeding. We have clinically characterized consanguineous families with multiple(More)
We describe a highly consanguineous family, originating from Pakistan, displaying histiocytosis, joint contractures, and sensorineural deafness. The form of histiocytosis exhibited by this family does not fit readily into any of the recognized classes of this disease. It appears to represent a novel form of familial histiocytosis demonstrating autosomal(More)