Duncan I. Jodrell

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BACKGROUND Intravenous bolus fluorouracil plus leucovorin is the standard adjuvant treatment for colon cancer. The oral fluoropyrimidine capecitabine is an established alternative to bolus fluorouracil plus leucovorin as first-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer. We evaluated capecitabine in the adjuvant setting. METHODS We randomly assigned a(More)
An autochthonous model of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) permitted the analysis of why immunotherapy is ineffective in this human disease. Despite finding that PDA-bearing mice had cancer cell-specific CD8(+) T cells, the mice, like human patients with PDA, did not respond to two immunological checkpoint antagonists that promote the function of T(More)
PURPOSE The study was undertaken to define the relationship between tumor response and carboplatin area under the curve (AUC) in patients with ovarian cancer; to study the relationship between carboplatin AUC and myelosuppression in the same population; to establish the true impact of carboplatin AUC, prior therapy, and pretreatment platelet and WBC counts(More)
UNLABELLED Nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel, an albumin-stabilized paclitaxel formulation, demonstrates clinical activity when administered in combination with gemcitabine in patients with metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). The limited availability of patient tissue and exquisite sensitivity of xenografts to chemotherapeutics have(More)
OBJECTIVE Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is characterised by stromal desmoplasia and vascular dysfunction, which critically impair drug delivery. This study examines the role of an abundant extracellular matrix component, the megadalton glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA), as a novel therapeutic target in PDA. METHODS Using a genetically engineered(More)
Inhibition of the growth of the human ovarian cancer cell line A2780 by organometallic ruthenium(II) complexes of the type [(eta(6)-arene)Ru(X)(Y)(Z)], where arene is benzene or substituted benzene, X, Y, and Z are halide, acetonitrile, or isonicotinamide, or X,Y is ethylenediamine (en) or N-ethylethylenediamine, has been investigated. The X-ray crystal(More)
PURPOSE This dose-escalation study evaluated the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of the oral Src inhibitor saracatinib (AZD0530) in patients with advanced solid malignancies. Tumor biopsy samples were taken to investigate the effect of saracatinib on Src activity in tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Part A of the study followed a(More)
BACKGROUND Oral capecitabine achieves a superior response rate with an improved safety profile compared with bolus 5-fluorouracil-leucovorin (5-FU/LV) as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. We report here the results of a large phase III trial investigating adjuvant oral capecitabine compared with 5-FU/LV (Mayo Clinic(More)
INTRODUCTION Oxaliplatin, licensed for colorectal cancer chemotherapy, damages DNA by generating intrastrand and interstrand cross-links and can induce apoptosis via a Bax-dependent pathway. Bcl-xl, an antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family member, regulates apoptosis and chemoresistance in several cancer models. Bcl-xl expression correlates with invasiveness in(More)
Colorectal carcinoma shows several sex-related differences with regard to incidence, response to chemotherapy and microsatellite instability. These differences may relate to differential expression of ERbeta1 (wild-type) as well as the truncated ERbeta2 and ERbeta5 splice variant isoforms, which have recently been detected in normal and malignant colorectal(More)