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Colostrinin (CLN), a complex mixture of proline-rich polypeptides derived from colostrums, can alleviate cognitive decline in early Alzheimer's disease patients. The molecular basis of the action of CLN has been studied in vitro using human neuroblastoma cell lines. The aim of the present study was to use quantitative immunocytochemistry and immunoblotting(More)
Colostrinin (CLN) is a biologically active proline-rich polypeptide which has therapeutic potential for the alleviation of memory deficits in age-related dementias in a number of human conditions, particularly Alzheimer's disease. To examine the efficacy of CLN in other species, day-old domestic chicks were used as a model system to study its effects on(More)
The influence of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) on neurones in the dorsal medulla has been examined in 71 urethane/sagatal-anaesthetised rats. Of 536 neurones localised and tested for responses to electrical stimulation of both the vagus and/or the PVN, 378 were synaptically or antidromically activated following vagal stimulation 72 of which(More)
Urethane-anaesthetized rats were used to investigate the influence of lesions within the locus coeruleus on the inhibition of phasically discharging supraoptic neurones that normally follows the activation of arterial baroreceptors. Carotid sinus baroreceptors were stimulated by the inflation of a blind sac of the carotid bifurcation. A general activation(More)
The effect of carotid body chemoreceptor stimulation on 292 neurons in midline hypothalamic nuclei has been examined electrophysiologically in ethyl carbamate/sodium pentobarbitone anaesthetized rats. Experiments demonstrated that specific stimulation of carotid body chemoreceptors activates a small group (16) of neurons in the mediobasal hypothalamic(More)
Wistar strain albino rats were exposed to 1% nitrous oxide in air for periods ranging from 1 week to 6 months. Their peripheral blood and bone marrow were examined for evidence of alterations in haemopoiesis. Apart from a transient polycythaemia during the first week no change in haemopoiesis was found.
The pathway for chemoreceptor input to hypothalamic supraoptic nuclei has been examined in anaesthetised lactating and non-lactating rats. In lactating rats, the increase in intramammary pressure following bilateral carotid occlusion, which is probably mainly due to vasopressin, was abolished by lesions in the septum, but not by lesions in more caudal(More)
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