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Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) is an approved treatment for epilepsy and is currently under investigation as a therapy for other disorders, including depression, anxiety and Alzheimer's disease. This review examines the pre-clinical and clinical literature relating to VNS. A brief historical perspective is given, followed by consideration of the efficacy of(More)
Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) is used as a treatment for Epilepsy and is currently under investigation as a treatment for depression (see [M.S. George, Z. Nahas, X. Li, F.A. Kozel, B. Anderson, K. Yamanaka, J.H. Chae, M.J. Foust, Novel treatments of mood disorders based on brain circuitry (ECT, MST, TMS, VNS, DBS), Semin. Clin. Neuropsychiatry 7 (2002)(More)
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