Duna Massillon

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Transgenic mice, containing a chimeric gene in which the cDNA for phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP) (PEPCK-C) (EC was linked to the alpha-skeletal actin gene promoter, express PEPCK-C in skeletal muscle (1-3 units/g). Breeding two founder lines together produced mice with an activity of PEPCK-C of 9 units/g of muscle (PEPCK-C(mus) mice).(More)
Long term administration of leptin decreases caloric intake and fat mass and improves glucose tolerance. Here we examine whether leptin acutely regulates peripheral and hepatic insulin action. Recombinant mouse leptin (0.3 mg/kg.h, Leptin +) or vehicle (Leptin -) were administered for 6 h to 4-month-old rats (n = 20), and insulin (3 milliunits/kg.min) clamp(More)
The hepatic transcriptional regulation by glucocorticoids of the cytosolic form of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK-C) gene is coordinated by interactions of specific transcription factors at the glucocorticoid regulatory unit (GRU). We propose an extended GRU that consists of four accessory sites, two proximal AF1 and AF2 sites and their distal(More)
Inflammation in asthma, sepsis, transplant rejection, and many neurodegenerative diseases associates an up-regulation of NO synthesis with increased protein nitration at tyrosine. Nitration can cause protein dysfunction and is implicated in pathogenesis, but few proteins that appear nitrated in vivo have been identified. To understand how this modification(More)
Hepatic gene expression of P-enolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and glucose-6-phosphatase (Glc-6-Pase) is regulated in response to changes in the availability of substrates, in particular glucose (Glc; Massillon, D., Barzilai, N., Chen, W., Hu, M., and Rossetti, L. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 9871-9874). We investigated the mechanism(s) in conscious rats.(More)
To understand how glucose regulates the expression of the glucose-6-phosphatase gene, the effect of glucose was studied in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. Glucose-6-phosphatase mRNA levels increased about 10-fold when hepatocytes were incubated with 20 mm glucose. The rate of transcription of the glucose-6-phosphatase gene increased about 3-fold in(More)
Fatty acids and glucose are strong modulators of the expression of glucose-6-phosphatase (Glc-6-Pase), an enzyme that plays a key role in glucose homeostasis. PUFA inhibit, whereas SFA and monounsaturated fatty acids induce the expression of the Glc-6-Pase gene. Palmitate and oleate are the most abundant fatty acid species in circulation during food(More)
Mechanisms underlying dietary nutrient regulation of glucose-6-phosphatase (Glc-6-Pase) gene expression are not well understood. Here we investigated the effects of short-chain fatty acids on the expression of this gene in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes and H4IIE hepatoma cells. Propionate, butyrate, valerate, and caproate induced severalfold increases(More)
Mice were studied with the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic and the hyperglycemic clamp techniques after a 6-h fast: 1) euglycemic (6.7 +/- 0.2 mM) hyperinsulinemia (approximately 800 microU/ml); 2) hyperglycemic (15.3 +/- 0.4 mM) hyperinsulinemia (approximately 800 microU/ml). All mice received an infusion of [3-3H]glucose and [U-14C]lactate. Basal hepatic(More)
Overproduction of glucose by the liver is the major cause of fasting hyperglycemia in both insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The distal enzymatic step in the process of glucose output is catalyzed by the glucose-6-phosphatase complex. We show here that 90% partially pancreatectomized diabetic rats have a >5-fold increase in the(More)