Dulce R N Warwick

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Although difficulty in rising from a chair is common to elderly people, few studies have compared chair rise performance in young and elderly adults with differing functional abilities. Using an instrumented chair and a videotape analysis, controlled chair rise performances were quantified in three groups of volunteers: young adults (Young, n = 17, mean age(More)
The mechanical behavior of fourteen fresh human lumbar motion segments taken at autopsy from males with an average age of 29 yr was studied. Forces up to 1029 N were applied in anterior, posterior and lateral shear; and moments up to 95 Nm were applied in flexion, extension, lateral bending and torsion. In response to these loads endplate displacements up(More)
Trunk strengths were measured in 27 health males and 30 health females, and in 25 male and 15 female patients with low-back pain and/or sciatica. Maximum voluntary isometric strengths were measured during attempted flexion, extension, and lateral bending from an upright standing position. Both male and female patients had approximately 60% of the absolute(More)
Ten subjects performed 25 tasks isometrically while standing. Those tasks imposed substantial extension, lateral bending, and twisting moments on the lumbar spine. Mechanically complex trunk muscle actions were called for to resist those moments. Biomechanical model analyses were used to predict the trunk muscle contraction forces needed to perform those(More)
In quiet standing positions involving substantial trunk flexion, myoelectric activity in the back muscles diminishes to low levels. Aspects of that "flexion-relaxation" phenomenon were explored through measurements of myoelectric activities in 11 young men during performance of 19 isometric tasks in flexed positions. Biomechanical model analyses were used(More)
A study was conducted to see whether a biomechanical model previously validated for predicting the lumbar spine internal loads imposed by the performance of easy and moderately strenuous physical tasks was also adequate for predicting loads imposed by heavy exertions. Lumbar trunk muscle myoelectric activities were measured in 10 healthy young adult men(More)
The goal of this study was to estimate the loads internal to the lumbar trunk that arise during level walking. To do this, (a) trunk muscle activities were calibrated in terms of muscle contraction force levels in a set of isometric exertions; (b) trunk muscle myoelectric activities were measured during level walking; and then (c) the muscle contraction(More)
Stem bleeding disease (resinosis) of coconut palm is caused by Thielaviopsis paradoxa and is very important in the state of Sergipe, Brazil. Understanding the epidemiological behavior of the disease is essential for establishing more efficient control strategies. Thus, we characterized the temporal progression and spatial distribution of stem bleeding in a(More)
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