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In the present study we analyzed aquaporin-4 (AQP4) immunoreactivity in the piriform cortex (PC) and the hippocampus of pilocarpine-induced rat epilepsy model to elucidate the roles of AQP4 in brain edema following status epilepticus (SE). In non-SE-induced animals, AQP4 immunoreactivity was diffusely detected in the PC and the hippocampus. AQP4(More)
In present study, we investigated voltage-gated Ca2+ channel (VGCC) expressions in the hippocampus of the Mongolian gerbil and its association with different sequelae of spontaneous seizures, in an effort to identify the epileptogenesis in this animal. In the hippocampus of pre-seizure seizure sensitive (SS) gerbils, VGCC subunit expressions were(More)
Although reduced calcium binding protein (CBP) immunoreactivities in the epileptic hippocampus have been well established, it has been controversial that these changes may directly indicate neuronal degeneration. In the present study, therefore, we investigated CBP expressions in the gerbil hippocampus following treatment with gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(More)
In order to identify the modulation of TASK (TWIK-related Acid-Sensitive K(+)) channel expressions in epilepsy, we conducted a comparative analysis of TASK channel immunoreactivities in the hippocampus of seizure-resistant (SR) and seizure-sensitive (SS) gerbils. There was no difference of the TASK-1 and TASK-2 channel expressions in the hippocampi of young(More)
In order to confirm the species-specific distribution of voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels and the definitive relationship between their immunoreactivities and seizure activity, we investigated Kv1 channel immunoreactivities in the hippocampus of seizure resistant (SR) and seizure sensitive (SS) gerbils. There was distinct difference of the Kv1 channel(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that blockade of neuronal death in the hippocampus cannot prevent epileptogenesis in various epileptic models. These reports indicate that neurodegeneration alone is insufficient to cause epilepsy, and that the role of astrocytes in epileptogenesis should be reconsidered. Therefore, the present study was designed to(More)
Anxiety is among the most prevalent and costly diseases of the CNS, but its underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Although attenuated theta rhythms have been observed in human subjects with increased anxiety, no study has been done on the possible physiological link between these two manifestations. We found that the mutant mouse for phospholipase(More)
Schizophrenia is a major psychiatric disorder which is hypothesized to result from abnormal neurodevelopment or neural changes in adulthood and possibly associated with altered gene expression. To search for genes overexpressed in schizophrenia, cDNA library subtractive hybridization experiments between post-mortem human frontal cerebral cortices from(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) degrades heme to carbon dioxide, biliverdin, and Fe2+, which play important roles in various biochemical processes. In this study, we examined the protective function of HO-1 against oxidative stress in SH-SY5Y cells and in a Parkinson's disease mouse model. Western blot and fluorescence microscopy analysis demonstrated that(More)
Recently we reported that astroglial loss and subsequent gliogenesis in the dentate gyrus play a role in epileptogenesis following pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE). In the present study we investigated whether astroglial damages in the hippocampo-entorhinal complex following SE are relevant to pathological or electrophysiological properties of(More)