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In present study, we investigated voltage-gated Ca2+ channel (VGCC) expressions in the hippocampus of the Mongolian gerbil and its association with different sequelae of spontaneous seizures, in an effort to identify the epileptogenesis in this animal. In the hippocampus of pre-seizure seizure sensitive (SS) gerbils, VGCC subunit expressions were(More)
Anxiety is among the most prevalent and costly diseases of the CNS, but its underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Although attenuated theta rhythms have been observed in human subjects with increased anxiety, no study has been done on the possible physiological link between these two manifestations. We found that the mutant mouse for phospholipase(More)
In the present study we analyzed aquaporin-4 (AQP4) immunoreactivity in the piriform cortex (PC) and the hippocampus of pilocarpine-induced rat epilepsy model to elucidate the roles of AQP4 in brain edema following status epilepticus (SE). In non-SE-induced animals, AQP4 immunoreactivity was diffusely detected in the PC and the hippocampus. AQP4(More)
In order to identify the modulation of TASK (TWIK-related Acid-Sensitive K(+)) channel expressions in epilepsy, we conducted a comparative analysis of TASK channel immunoreactivities in the hippocampus of seizure-resistant (SR) and seizure-sensitive (SS) gerbils. There was no difference of the TASK-1 and TASK-2 channel expressions in the hippocampi of young(More)
K+ -Cl- cotransporter (KCC) plays an important role in maintaining neuronal activity. However, the effect of seizure activity or pharmacological manipulation of GABAergic transmission on KCC expression remains to be clarified. Therefore, the present study was performed to investigate whether seizure activity or GABA receptor agonist treatment changes KCC(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by a gradual loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) of the brain. Ribosomal protein S3 (rpS3) has multiple functions related to protein synthesis, antioxidative activity, and UV endonuclease III activity. We have previously shown that PEP-1-rpS3 inhibits skin(More)
Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an antioxidant enzyme which plays a central role in various diseases. However, the mechanism and function of PON1 protein in inflammation are poorly understood. Since PON1 protein alone cannot be delivered into cells, we generated a cell permeable PEP-1-PON1 protein using protein transduction domains, and examined whether it can(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that blockade of neuronal death in the hippocampus cannot prevent epileptogenesis in various epileptic models. These reports indicate that neurodegeneration alone is insufficient to cause epilepsy, and that the role of astrocytes in epileptogenesis should be reconsidered. Therefore, the present study was designed to(More)
Recently we reported that astroglial loss and subsequent gliogenesis in the dentate gyrus play a role in epileptogenesis following pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE). In the present study we investigated whether astroglial damages in the hippocampo-entorhinal complex following SE are relevant to pathological or electrophysiological properties of(More)
The mediodorsal thalamic nucleus has been implicated in the control of memory processes. However, the underlying neural mechanism remains unclear. Here we provide evidence for bidirectional modulation of fear extinction by the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus. Mice with a knockout or mediodorsal thalamic nucleus-specific knockdown of phospholipase C β4(More)