Dudley T. Goodhead

Learn More
The average or amorphous track model uses the response of a system to gamma-rays and the radial distribution of dose about an ion's path to describe survival and other cellular endpoints from proton, heavy ion, and neutron irradiation. This model has been used for over 30 years to successfully fit many radiobiology data sets. We review several extensions of(More)
When investigating the biological effects of ionizing radiation on the haemopoietic system, a confounding problem lies in possible differences between the biological effects of sparsely ionizing, low linear energy transfer radiation such as X-, beta- or gamma-rays, and densely ionizing, high linear energy transfer radiation such as alpha-particles. To(More)
alpha-particles, which are ionising radiation of high linear-energy-transfer emitted, for example, from radon or plutonium, pass through tissue as highly structured tracks. Single target cells in the path of the tracks might be damaged by even low-dose alpha-irradiation. We found non-clonal cytogenetic aberrations, characterised by a high frequency of(More)
Radiations of high linear energy transfer (LET) have long been known to have greater biological effectiveness per unit dose than those of low LET, for a wide variety of biological effects. However, values of relative biological effectiveness depend considerably on the biological system and in some instances the values are clearly below unity. The(More)
A direct comparison was carried out of the biological effectiveness of protons and alpha-particles of the same linear energy transfer (LET) under identical conditions with a variety of in vitro biological systems. Monolayers of mammalian cells were irradiated with accelerated beams of protons (1.2 and 1.4 MeV) and alpha-particles (30 and 35 MeV)(More)
Carbon-ion radiotherapy has been used to treat more than 9000 cancer patients in the world since 1994. Spreading of the Bragg peak is necessary for carbon-ion radiotherapy, and is designed based on the linear-quadratic model that is commonly used for photon therapy. Our recent analysis using in vitro cell kills and in vivo mouse tissue reaction indicates(More)
Human exposure to high-linear energy transfer α-particles includes environmental (e.g. radon gas and its decay progeny), medical (e.g. radiopharmaceuticals) and occupational (nuclear industry) sources. The associated health risks of α-particle exposure for lung cancer are well documented however the risk estimates for leukaemia remain uncertain. To further(More)
We have compared the sensitivity of donogenic interlenkin 7 (IL-7)-dependent murine B cell precursors with that of donogenic mature B ceUs and myeloid precursors to ct-particles from plutonium-238 and X radiation. All three populations are relatively sensitive, but B cell precursors are ultrasensitive. This differential sensitivity is also observed with(More)
  • 1