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The non-disabled human ankle joint was examined during walking in an attempt to determine overall system characteristics for use in the design of ankle prostheses. The hypothesis of the study was that the quasi-stiffness of the ankle changes when walking at different walking speeds. The hypothesis was examined using sagittal plane ankle moment versus ankle(More)
The quasi-static response of bulk muscular tissue to indentation was measured on the posterior lower legs of living human subjects. No residual limbs were tested; all subjects had intact lower limbs. For loads up to 7.0 N on an 8.0 mm diameter flat-tipped indentor, the response was repeatable without prior 'preconditioning'. The data at any test location(More)
This research was devoted to an investigation of the practicality and potential effectiveness of applying the concept of extended physiological proprioception (EPP) to the control of upper-limb prostheses. The purpose of this study was to verify that EPP control, implemented by coupling prosthesis function to residual shoulder motion in a position-servo(More)
Over the last decade, numerous experimental and numerical analyses have been conducted to investigate the stress distribution between the residual limb and prosthetic socket of persons with lower limb amputation. The objectives of these analyses have been to improve our understanding of the residual limb/prosthetic socket system, to evaluate the influence(More)
Differences in pelvic obliquity between small groups of persons with unilateral lower limb amputation and subjects without amputation were analyzed. Kinematic walking data were collected as six males with transtibial amputation and three males with transfemoral amputation walked over a range of speeds. The pelvic obliquity patterns and amplitudes from the(More)
To achieve significant improvement in the function of electric-powered, upper-limb prostheses, we believe it is necessary to develop better control interfaces with inherent sensory feedback. Small cineplasties, or other surgical procedures that also externalize the force and excursion of a muscle, could potentially provide this superior control. Connecting(More)
Roll-over characteristics of able-bodied human subjects walking on ramped surfaces were examined in this study. Ten subjects walked at their normal self-selected speed on a level surface, a 5-deg ramp, and a 10-deg ramped surface. Ramps were designed such that ground reaction forces and center of pressure of the ground reaction forces could be measured on(More)
This study investigated the temporal characteristics of gait initiation and gait termination. Ten nondisabled adult volunteers and ten people with unilateral transtibial limb loss performed starting and stopping for slow, normal, and fast walking speeds. We used kinematic and anthropomorphic data to determine the body center of mass (BCOM) position of each(More)
Kinematics of swing-through crutch ambulation for an individual with complete T11-T12 spinal cord injury was examined and quantitative aspects of the body-swing phase used to formulate and evaluate a 3-link pendular model. Model simulation parallels measured kinematics when shoulder motion is forced to follow the measured motion while hips and crutch tips(More)
A series of experiments was performed to measure the relationships between the integrated surface EMG and the mechanical state of the cineplastic biceps muscle of one subject. The muscle was studied during static and dynamic isometric contractions at different muscle lengths and during constant velocity isotonic contractions at different loads. The(More)