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The non-disabled human ankle joint was examined during walking in an attempt to determine overall system characteristics for use in the design of ankle prostheses. The hypothesis of the study was that the quasi-stiffness of the ankle changes when walking at different walking speeds. The hypothesis was examined using sagittal plane ankle moment versus ankle(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the hypothesis that roll-over shapes of non-disabled lower limb systems do not change appreciably with walking speed. DESIGN Repeated measures (n = 24). BACKGROUND Roll-over shapes of three lower limb systems are presented. They are: roll-over shapes of the (1) foot, (2) ankle-foot, and (3) knee-ankle-foot systems. Roll-over shapes(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of our previous work on roll-over shapes, which are the effective rocker shapes that the lower limb systems conform to during walking. METHOD This article is a summary of several recently published articles from the Northwestern University Prosthetics Research Laboratory and Rehabilitation(More)
The quasi-static response of bulk muscular tissue to indentation was measured on the posterior lower legs of living human subjects. No residual limbs were tested; all subjects had intact lower limbs. For loads up to 7.0 N on an 8.0 mm diameter flat-tipped indentor, the response was repeatable without prior 'preconditioning'. The data at any test location(More)
To achieve significant improvement in the function of electric-powered, upper-limb prostheses, we believe it is necessary to develop better control interfaces with inherent sensory feedback. Small cineplasties, or other surgical procedures that also externalize the force and excursion of a muscle, could potentially provide this superior control. Connecting(More)
Differences in pelvic obliquity between small groups of persons with unilateral lower limb amputation and subjects without amputation were analyzed. Kinematic walking data were collected as six males with transtibial amputation and three males with transfemoral amputation walked over a range of speeds. The pelvic obliquity patterns and amplitudes from the(More)
Over the last decade, numerous experimental and numerical analyses have been conducted to investigate the stress distribution between the residual limb and prosthetic socket of persons with lower limb amputation. The objectives of these analyses have been to improve our understanding of the residual limb/prosthetic socket system, to evaluate the influence(More)
Kinematics of swing-through crutch ambulation for an individual with complete T11-T12 spinal cord injury was examined and quantitative aspects of the body-swing phase used to formulate and evaluate a 3-link pendular model. Model simulation parallels measured kinematics when shoulder motion is forced to follow the measured motion while hips and crutch tips(More)
This research was devoted to an investigation of the practicality and potential effectiveness of applying the concept of extended physiological proprioception (EPP) to the control of upper-limb prostheses. The purpose of this study was to verify that EPP control, implemented by coupling prosthesis function to residual shoulder motion in a position-servo(More)
Roll-over characteristics of able-bodied human subjects walking on ramped surfaces were examined in this study. Ten subjects walked at their normal self-selected speed on a level surface, a 5-deg ramp, and a 10-deg ramped surface. Ramps were designed such that ground reaction forces and center of pressure of the ground reaction forces could be measured on(More)