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OBJECTIVE To compare the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profiles of Indian and European patients from routine primary care assessments in the northern region of New Zealand. METHOD Anonymous CVD risk profiles were extracted from PREDICT (a web-based decision support program) for Indian and European patients aged 35-74 years. Linear regression models(More)
OBJECTIVE With studies reporting both positive and negative associations, the influence of serum urate on incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) is uncertain. We sought to determine whether serum urate is causally associated with incident CVD. METHODS Participants were aged 30-80 years and were screened for CVD risk in primary care between 2006 and 2009.(More)
AIM To estimate the prevalence of new and known diabetes mellitus, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) by ethnic group in Auckland. METHODS The Diabetes Heart and Health Survey (DHAH) was a cross-sectional population based survey and was carried out in Auckland between January 2002 and December 2003, inclusive.(More)
AIMS To estimate ethnic-specific raised blood pressure (RBP) prevalences, blood pressure levels, and associations of systolic blood pressure (SBP) in the Auckland region. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of adults aged between 35-74 years in the Auckland region. There were 1006 Maori, 996 Pacific people (mostly of Samoan, Tongan, Niuean, or Cook Islands(More)
BACKGROUND Data on the cardiovascular disease risk profiles of Pacific peoples in New Zealand is usually aggregated and treated as a single entity. Little is known about the comparability or otherwise of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk between different Pacific groups. AIM To compare CVD risk profiles for the main Pacific ethnic groups assessed in New(More)
AIM To describe the awareness and perceived effectiveness of smoking cessation treatments and services among a population of mainly Maori and Pacific parents in South Auckland, New Zealand. METHOD Parents of pre-adolescent children from 4 schools were surveyed from 2007-2009 using a self-complete questionnaire. Awareness and perceived effectiveness of(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate ethnic-specific metabolic syndrome prevalence in the Auckland region and to identify the main reasons for the differences. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of adults aged between 35-74 years within the Auckland area using a dual sampling frame with both cluster sampling and random selection from electoral rolls. Participants included(More)
INTRODUCTION Pacific New Zealanders have a high prevalence of smoking, with many first smoking in their pre-adolescent years. AIM To identify risk factors for tobacco smoking among Pacific pre-adolescent intermediate school children. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of 2208 Pacific students aged between 10 and 13 years from four South Auckland(More)
AIMS To compare self-reported exposure to tobacco smoke in the home or in cars between parents and their pre-adolescent children. METHODS We analysed data on self-reported exposure to secondhand smoke from 3,645 matched pairs of children at baseline (aged between 10 and 13 years) and their parents whether smokers or not, who were participants in Keeping(More)
AIM This paper describes and compares proportions of overweight, obese, and average BMI and their relationship with physical activity for Pacific ethnic groups (Samoan, Tongan, Niue, Cook Islands) and European New Zealanders by gender who participated in the 2002-03 Diabetes Heart and Health Study (DHAHS). METHODS The DHAHS was a cross-sectional(More)