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We present a flexible room temperature NO 2 gas sensor consisting of vertical carbon nanotubes ͑CNTs͒/reduced graphene hybrid film supported by a polyimide substrate. The reduced graphene film alone showed a negligible sensor response, exhibiting abnormal N–P transitions during the initial NO 2 injection. A hybrid film, formed by the growth of a vertically(More)
We demonstrate a straightforward approach for rapid growth of wall-number selected, N-doped CNT arrays. Highly uniform nanopatterned iron catalyst arrays were prepared by tilted deposition through block copolymer nanotemplates. PECVD growth of CNTs from the nanopatterned catalysts in an NH(3) environment generated vertical N-doped CNTs with a(More)
Ice accretion has a negative impact on critical infrastructure, as well as a range of commercial and residential activities. Icephobic surfaces are defined by an ice adhesion strength τice < 100 kPa. However, the passive removal of ice requires much lower values of τice, such as on airplane wings or power lines (τice < 20 kPa). Such low τice values are(More)
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