Duarte Gonçalves

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Deserts and arid regions are generally perceived as bare and rather homogeneous areas of low diversity. The Sahara is the largest warm desert in the world and together with the arid Sahel displays high topographical and climatic heterogeneity, and has experienced recent and strong climatic oscillations that have greatly shifted biodiversity distribution and(More)
Many doubts still exist about which freshwater mussel Unio species inhabit Northwest Africa. While some authors refer to the presence of Unio delphinus in the Atlantic North African basins of Morocco, a recent International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) assessment performed on Moroccan Unio species, recognised the existence of a distinct species,(More)
The origin of Saharan biodiversity is poorly understood, in part because the geological and paleoclimatic events that presumably shaped species diversity are still controversial, but also because few studies have explored causal explanations for the origin of Saharan diversity using a phylogenetic framework. Here, we use mtDNA (16S and ND4 genes) and nDNA(More)
This paper proposes and discusses the ASAA (Application for Semi-Automatic Annotation) interface, a new computer game for image tagging. The application is composed by a 3D game interface, a game engine that uses a system for automatic image annotation and gestural input to play the game. The paper describes the rational and design principles for the(More)
Image annotation is hard to do in an automatic way. In this paper, we propose a framework for image annotation that combines the benefits of three paradigms: automatic annotation, human intervention and entertainment activities. We also describe our proposal inside this framework, the ASAA (application for semi-automatic annotation) interface, a new(More)
Manual annotation is difficult to perform in large image databases and the automatic methods deliver results that are far from what is desired by the users. New and fun ways to provide image annotation are required. This paper describes Tag Around, a computer game for image tagging. The application is based on a 3D game interface, a game engine that uses a(More)
The Potomida genus (Bivalvia, Unionida) has a Circum-Mediterranean distribution and like other freshwater mussel species, its populations have suffered dramatic declines. Although this genus is currently considered as monotypic, it has a long history of taxonomic revisions and presently many aspects of its systematics and evolutionary history are unclear.(More)
Simulation is an important aspect of engineering complex systems. In the real world, numerous problems can prevent the effective use of simulation. This paper looks at the tough question: When is a simulation effective? How would we know? The context and purpose of simulation are important in answering the question. If the simulation is viewed as a system,(More)
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