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The uniform, large-scale, and bilayered ZnO nanorod array on silicon substrate has been synthesized by a catalyst and template-free chemical reaction in a dilute solution. The effect of different precursor ZnO films on the morphology and size of the ZnO nanorod array has been investigated. Moreover, the morphology evolution of the ZnO nanorod array with the(More)
A series of silicon-rich oxide (SRO) and erbium-doped SRO (SROEr) films imbedded with structural tunable silicon nanoclusters (Si NCs) have been fabricated using sputtering followed by post-annealing. The coalescence of Si NCs is found in the films with large Si excess. The energy transfer rate between Si NCs and Er3+ is enhanced, but the luminescence(More)
The coupling between localized surface plasmons (LSPs) within silver nanostructures and excitons in a silicon-rich silicon nitride (SiNx) matrix has been demonstrated via the Purcell effect. A simple model is employed for the estimation of the Purcell factor as well as the average position of excitons within a luminescence matrix. The estimated average(More)
A multilayer structure of ITO/SiNx/Ag/p/p(+)-Si/Au was fabricated to improve the extraction of the orange-yellow electroluminescence from SiNx-based light-emitting devices (LEDs), and an about 5 times enhancement of external quantum efficiency (EQE) was obtained. This improved light-extraction is mainly originated from the increase of root-mean-square(More)
The size-dependent coupling between localized surface plasmons (LSPs) and excitons within a silicon nitride (SiN(x)) matrix is investigated. A strong correlation between the photoluminescence (PL) enhancement and this resonance coupling is observed. From the analysis of the relationship between the dipolar resonance peaks of Ag nanostructures with various(More)
The energy transfer mechanism between luminescent centers (LCs) and Er3+ in erbium-doped silicon-rich oxide (SROEr) films prepared by electron beam evaporation is investigated. Intense photoluminescence of the LCs (weak oxygen bonds, neutral oxygen vacancies, and Si=O states) within the active matrixes is obtained. Fast energy transfer from Si=O states to(More)
Two obvious Gauss peaks are observed in SiN(x)-based light-emitting devices with silver nanoparticles deposited onto the luminous layer, both of which are blue shifted with the increase of injected current. The origin of these two peaks is discussed by means of the changes of their positions, relative intensities, and full width at half maximum. We(More)
The effect of the V-O complexes on oxygen precipitation in neutron-irradiated silicon has been investigated at low temperature in this paper. It is found that oxygen precipitation has been enhanced in neutron-irradiated silicon by prolonged annealing at 750/spl deg/C, which is based on denser precipitate nuclei. Furthermore, by Fourier transform infrared(More)
A maximal enhancement of ~6.5 times of the external quantum efficiency (EQE) for SiNx-based light-emitting devices (LEDs) is achieved by magnetron sputtering a silver nanostructures layer onto the active matrix. The enhancement of EQE is affected by the dimension and morphology of silver nanostructures, which can be controlled by the sputtering time and the(More)
The structural and optical properties of erbium-doped silicon-rich silica samples containing different Si concentrations are studied. Intense photoluminescence (PL) from luminescence centers (LCs) and silicon nanoclusters (Si NCs), which evolves with annealing temperatures, is obtained. By modulating the silicon concentrations in samples, the main(More)