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Post-translational modification of mitochondrial proteins by phosphorylation or dephosphorylation plays an essential role in numerous cell signaling pathways involved in regulating energy metabolism and in mitochondrion-induced apoptosis. Here we present a phosphoproteomic screen of the mitochondrial matrix proteins and begin to establish the protein(More)
Protein phosphorylation is a well-characterized regulatory mechanism in the cytosol, but remains poorly defined in the mitochondrion. In this study, we characterized the use of (32)P-labeling to monitor the turnover of protein phosphorylation in the heart and liver mitochondria matrix. The (32)P labeling technique was compared and contrasted to Phos-tag(More)
Hyperthermia can be produced by near-infrared laser irradiation of gold nanoparticles present in tumors and thus induce tumor cell killing via a bystander effect. To be clinically relevant, however, several problems still need to be resolved. In particular, selective delivery and physical targeting of gold nanoparticles to tumor cells are necessary to(More)
The functionality of the mitochondrion is primarily determined by nuclear encoded proteins. The mitochondrial functional requirements of different tissues vary from a significant biosynthetic role (liver) to a primarily energy metabolism-oriented organelle (heart). The purpose of this study was to compare the mitochondrial proteome from four different(More)
Potential functional consequences of the differences in protein distribution between the mitochondria of the rat liver, heart, brain, and kidney, as determined in the companion paper in this issue (Johnson DT, French S, Blair PV, You JS, Bemis KG, Wang M, Harris RA, and Balaban RS. The tissue heterogeneity of the mammalian mitochondrial proteome. Am J(More)
Tailoring the surface of nanoparticles is essential for biological applications of magnetic nanoparticles. FePt nanoparticles are interesting candidates owing to their high magnetic moment. Established procedures to make FePt nanoparticles use oleic acid and oleylamine as the surfactants, which make them dispersed in nonpolar solvents such as hexane. As a(More)
Protein phosphorylations, as well as phosphate metabolite binding, are well characterized post-translational mechanisms that regulate enzyme activity in the cytosol, but remain poorly defined in mitochondria. Recently extensive matrix protein phosphorylation sites have been discovered but their functional significance is unclear. Herein we describe methods(More)
These studies were structured with the aim of utilizing emerging technologies in two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry to evaluate protein expression changes associated with type 1 diabetes. We reasoned that a broad examination of diabetic tissues at the protein level might open up novel avenues of investigation of the metabolic and(More)
Two finite concentric spherical regions were considered as the tissue model for magnetic fluid hyperthermia treatment. The inner sphere represents the diseased tissue containing magnetic particles that generate heat when an alternating magnetic field is applied. The outer sphere represents the healthy tissue. Blood perfusion effects are included in both the(More)
Skeletal muscle mitochondrial dysfunction is hypothesized to contribute to the pathophysiology of insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes. Whether thiazolidinedione therapy enhances skeletal muscle mitochondrial function as a component of its insulin-sensitizing effect is unknown. To test this, we evaluated skeletal muscle mitochondria and exercise capacity(More)