Duane R. Schultz

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Systemic lupus erythematosus may present with renal manifestations that frequently are difficult to categorize and lupus nephritis is an important predictor of poor outcome. The type and spectrum of renal injury may remain undiagnosed until full-blown nephritic and/or nephrotic syndrome appear with increased risk of end-stage renal disease. These(More)
Four plasma proteins, referred to as positive acute phase proteins because of increases in concentration following inflammatory stimuli, are reviewed: C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A protein (SAA), alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AAG), and fibrinogen. The CRP and SAA may increase in concentration as much as 1000-fold, the AAG and fibrinogen(More)
Goat antibodies to pig lung angiotensin-converting enzyme (kininase II) were conjugated to microperoxidase. Rat lung tissue, previously incubated with non-immune goat serum, was incubated with the antibody-microperoxidase conjugate and then with H2O2 and 3,3-diaminobenzidine. Electron microscopy revealed reaction product on the plasma membrane and caveolae(More)
The renal manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are protean and difficult to categorize into clinical syndromes and histologic classes. Lupus nephritis is frequently unrecognized until full-blown nephritic and/or nephrotic syndrome with renal failure emerge. Epidemiologically, approximately one third of SLE patients from unselected(More)
It was reported that elevated levels of platelet microparticles (PMPs) in patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) were associated with decreased bleeding, and in some cases with small vessel thromboses (J Lab Clin Med 1992; 119:334). To investigate the possible role of complement in PMP production in ITP, an in vitro assay was developed to(More)
Specific antibodies directed against Ptychodiscus brevis 'brevetoxins' have been produced in a goat. The haptenic toxin T34 was chemically reduced to toxin T17, covalently-linked to succinic acid via anhydride coupling, and coupled to bovine serum albumin using standard carbodiimide condensation procedures. The hapten coupling efficiency ranged from 10.4 to(More)
A patient with Walderström macroglobulinemia associated with nephrotic syndrome is described. Serum cryoglobulin and rheumatoid factor were absent. Intramembranous electron-dense deposits were demonstrated in kidney biopsy material by electron microscopy. Deposits of immunoglobulin G (IgG), M (IgM) and the third component of complement (C3) were identified(More)
Polyether marine toxins are responsible for the seafood intoxication phenomena known as neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (due to brevetoxins), ciguatera (due to ciguatoxin), and diarrheic shellfish poisoning (due to okadaic acid). Using traditional techniques of hapten (pure toxin) conjugation to protein to create complete antigen, animal immunization and(More)
Receptors for the activated third component of complement and for the Fc portion of immunoglobulin G are not expressed by apparently normal bovine pulmonary endothelial cells, but are expressed when the cells are exposed to white cell lysates or are infected with influenza or cytomegalovirus. The unmasking of these latent receptors may contribute to the(More)