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Systemic lupus erythematosus may present with renal manifestations that frequently are difficult to categorize and lupus nephritis is an important predictor of poor outcome. The type and spectrum of renal injury may remain undiagnosed until full-blown nephritic and/or nephrotic syndrome appear with increased risk of end-stage renal disease. These(More)
Four plasma proteins, referred to as positive acute phase proteins because of increases in concentration following inflammatory stimuli, are reviewed: C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A protein (SAA), alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AAG), and fibrinogen. The CRP and SAA may increase in concentration as much as 1000-fold, the AAG and fibrinogen(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize cell surface receptors, their ligands, and their proteins in the 2 major pathways of apoptosis; the components that promote/suppress these interactions; the noninflammatory removal of apoptotic bodies by dendritic cells; and methods of assay in studies of cell death. To describe: how deregulation of apoptosis may contribute to(More)
The renal manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are protean and difficult to categorize into clinical syndromes and histologic classes. Lupus nephritis is frequently unrecognized until full-blown nephritic and/or nephrotic syndrome with renal failure emerge. Epidemiologically, approximately one third of SLE patients from unselected(More)
Group G streptococci that express M protein and resist phagocytosis in human blood (virulent strains) were compared with strains of groups G and A that are readily phagocytosed (avirulent). Virulent group G streptococci were less effective (P < .05) as activators of the alternative complement pathway (ACP) than were avirulent streptococci. In(More)
Receptors for the activated third component of complement and for the Fc portion of immunoglobulin G are not expressed by apparently normal bovine pulmonary endothelial cells, but are expressed when the cells are exposed to white cell lysates or are infected with influenza or cytomegalovirus. The unmasking of these latent receptors may contribute to the(More)
Capping and release of membranous, small (< 1.5 microm) endothelial microparticles were quantified by immunofluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry after treatment of cultures of human renal microvascular endothelial cells with agonists tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or mitomycin C. For constitutive marker CD31, both agonist-treated attached,(More)
Goat antibodies to pig lung angiotensin-converting enzyme (kininase II) were conjugated to microperoxidase. Rat lung tissue, previously incubated with non-immune goat serum, was incubated with the antibody-microperoxidase conjugate and then with H2O2 and 3,3-diaminobenzidine. Electron microscopy revealed reaction product on the plasma membrane and caveolae(More)
Incubation of Legionella pneumophila Philadelphia 1 in normal human serum depleted of either classical-pathway component C1q or alternative-pathway component factor B resulted in activation of the complement system. Experiments focused on the role of the classical pathway in complement activation revealed that legionellae bound C1q independently of(More)