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BACKGROUND The prone leg extension (PLE) is a clinical test used to evaluate the function of the lumbopelvis. It has been theorized that a normal and consistent pattern of muscle activation exists. Previous research has found two contradictory patterns of muscle activation during PLE in normal individuals. One study shows an almost simultaneous activation(More)
The decline in resting metabolic rate (RMR) during periods of caloric restriction is a well documented phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to determine if either 30 min of daily self-selected aerobic activity (Group D) or prescribed exercise training performed every other day (Group P) for 12 weeks can prevent the decrease in RMR during caloric(More)
Nonselective and beta 1-selective adrenergic antagonists were tested for their effects on enzymatic adaptation to exercise training in rats as follows: trained + placebo (TC); trained + propranolol (TP); trained + atenolol (TA); and corresponding sedentary groups, SC and SP. Trained rats ran 1 h/d at 26.8 m/min, 15% grade, 5 d/wk, 10 wk. Both(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to describe the dynamics of carnitine metabolism during an acute episode of exercise. Twenty-eight subjects (14 male; 14 female) exercised for 40 min on a bicycle ergometer at 55% of their maximal aerobic capacities. Blood samples were obtained at rest, 10, 20, 30, and 40 min of exercise, and 15-min postexercise. Muscle(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine if there was any relationship between dietary carnitine intake and the concentrations of carnitine in skeletal muscle and blood plasma in healthy adult men and women. Subjects (14 men, 14 women, fasted 8 h) reported to the Biodynamics Laboratory where they completed a 24-h diet recall questionnaire. Resting(More)
Chronic endurance exercise training has been associated with decreased levels of total cholesterol and increased HDL-cholesterol. To our knowledge rapid changes in cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol during acute exercise have not been described under controlled conditions. We studied 28 subjects (14 males and 14 females) during bicycle exercise for 40 min at a(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of chronic exercise training on carnitine acetyl- and palmitoyltransferase activity and the distribution of carnitine forms and concentrations in various organs and tissues of female rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were swim trained 6 days/wk and progressed to 75-min swims twice daily (with 3% of their total body(More)