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Dysfunction of sensory gating has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The goal of this study was to provide evidence that sensory gating dysfunction in schizophrenia patients is a compounded problem with difficulty in filtering out irrelevant input and filtering in relevant input at both an early-preattentive stage and a later,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the hypothesis that chronic alcohol use causes accelerated aging of the brain. METHODS The auditory evoked potentials (EPs) were compared in three groups of 10 subjects each: (a) middle-aged individuals meeting DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence, (b) age- and gender-matched group of healthy individuals, and (c) an older (>65(More)
Scalp recordings of the electroencephalogram (EEG) have been used in association with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) investigations as a safety measure in monitoring ongoing EEG activity and as a neurophysiologic tool in examining the specific effects induced by the magnetic stimulus on the EEG or evoked potentials (EPs). Medline review(More)
INTRODUCTION Evoked potential (EP) amplitude and latency abnormalities have been extensively examined in schizophrenia. Morphological abnormalities of the mid-latency auditory evoked responses (MLAERs; P50, N100, P200), on the other hand, received very little attention. METHODS Based on a priori defined set of morphological criteria, the morphology and(More)
To examine the effects of chronic cocaine use on the mid-latency auditory evoked responses (MLAERs), we recorded the evoked responses of 15 cocaine-dependent subjects and 13 age-matched healthy control subjects. Two evoked response paradigms were used: a trains paradigm with four different inter-stimulus intervals (ISIs) and a paired-click paradigm. Our(More)
BACKGROUND Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) provides a noninvasive method of examining cortical inhibitory and excitatory processes and cortical excitability in awake subjects. There is evidence from clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) data that cortical excitability may be abnormal in some psychiatric populations. Chronic cocaine abuse(More)
Human beings are accustomed to being active and awake during the day, and asleep and rest at night. Since we live in a society which is organised predominantly along daytime activity, therefore working in the night shift may deeply disrupt our social and family life. It is also a well-known fact that night shift causes fatigue and circadian disruption. The(More)
This paper outlines potential research applications of the unquantified (paper or digital) electroencephalography (EEG) in psychiatry. Three main areas are highlighted: first, the need for thorough familiarity with the unquantified EEG is emphasized, including the ability to confidently recognize all normal and abnormal activities that could influence(More)
An empirical typology of problem drinker-drivers based on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) was evaluated. Relationships were demonstrated between this typology and several kinds of external criteria: alcoholism symptoms, reasons for drinking, treatment participation and outcome and medical complications. Indicators of typological(More)
In a program of treatment for persons convicted of driving while intoxicated, data from 504 male participants were collected and analyzed to identify groups homogeneous with respect to symptoms and consequences of problem drinking as indicated on the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST). Cluster analysis of MAST responses yielded 7 such groups,(More)
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