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Dysfunction of sensory gating has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The goal of this study was to provide evidence that sensory gating dysfunction in schizophrenia patients is a compounded problem with difficulty in filtering out irrelevant input and filtering in relevant input at both an early-preattentive stage and a later,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the hypothesis that chronic alcohol use causes accelerated aging of the brain. METHODS The auditory evoked potentials (EPs) were compared in three groups of 10 subjects each: (a) middle-aged individuals meeting DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence, (b) age- and gender-matched group of healthy individuals, and (c) an older (>65(More)
Scalp recordings of the electroencephalogram (EEG) have been used in association with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) investigations as a safety measure in monitoring ongoing EEG activity and as a neurophysiologic tool in examining the specific effects induced by the magnetic stimulus on the EEG or evoked potentials (EPs). Medline review(More)
INTRODUCTION Evoked potential (EP) amplitude and latency abnormalities have been extensively examined in schizophrenia. Morphological abnormalities of the mid-latency auditory evoked responses (MLAERs; P50, N100, P200), on the other hand, received very little attention. METHODS Based on a priori defined set of morphological criteria, the morphology and(More)
To examine the effects of chronic cocaine use on the mid-latency auditory evoked responses (MLAERs), we recorded the evoked responses of 15 cocaine-dependent subjects and 13 age-matched healthy control subjects. Two evoked response paradigms were used: a trains paradigm with four different inter-stimulus intervals (ISIs) and a paired-click paradigm. Our(More)
BACKGROUND Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) provides a noninvasive method of examining cortical inhibitory and excitatory processes and cortical excitability in awake subjects. There is evidence from clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) data that cortical excitability may be abnormal in some psychiatric populations. Chronic cocaine abuse(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need to understand what affects the success of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) and the rate of resulting twin births so that pregnancy rates can be improved and multiple gestations avoided. Our aim was to assess the role of B vitamins and genetics. METHODS We did a prospective cohort study of 602 women undergoing fertility treatment. We(More)
BACKGROUND Controlled trials suggest that leukotriene receptor antagonists can improve lung function and reduce requirement for oral or inhaled corticosteroids in patients with asthma. We aimed to assess whether montelukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, can improve symptoms or lung function in patients with chronic asthma with symptoms already taking(More)
Bronchoalveolar lavage cells from 42 fire victims and from 18 patients who were smokers attending for diagnostic bronchoscopy (controls) were assessed morphologically and by chemiluminescence. 10 of the victims had inhaled smoke only; 15 had cutaneous burns only; and 17 had combined injury. The combined injury group had significant increases in(More)
13 fire victims who required treatment after smoke inhalation underwent lung function assessment within 3 days of injury and 3 months later. Initial airways hyperreactivity improved over this period, but FEV1 and airways specific conductance did not change significantly. There was a strong correlation between exposure carboxyhaemoglobin concentration (an(More)