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Dysfunction of sensory gating has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The goal of this study was to provide evidence that sensory gating dysfunction in schizophrenia patients is a compounded problem with difficulty in filtering out irrelevant input and filtering in relevant input at both an early-preattentive stage and a later,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the hypothesis that chronic alcohol use causes accelerated aging of the brain. METHODS The auditory evoked potentials (EPs) were compared in three groups of 10 subjects each: (a) middle-aged individuals meeting DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence, (b) age- and gender-matched group of healthy individuals, and (c) an older (>65(More)
We describe a case-control study to identify associations between polymorphism at the cytochrome P-450 (CYP2D6) and glutathione S-transferase (GSTT1 and GSTM1) loci and susceptibility to astrocytoma and meningioma. Accordingly, genotype frequencies in 112 astrocytoma and 50 meningioma patients were compared with frequencies in 577 controls. GSTM1 genotype(More)
Scalp recordings of the electroencephalogram (EEG) have been used in association with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) investigations as a safety measure in monitoring ongoing EEG activity and as a neurophysiologic tool in examining the specific effects induced by the magnetic stimulus on the EEG or evoked potentials (EPs). Medline review(More)
INTRODUCTION Evoked potential (EP) amplitude and latency abnormalities have been extensively examined in schizophrenia. Morphological abnormalities of the mid-latency auditory evoked responses (MLAERs; P50, N100, P200), on the other hand, received very little attention. METHODS Based on a priori defined set of morphological criteria, the morphology and(More)
To examine the effects of chronic cocaine use on the mid-latency auditory evoked responses (MLAERs), we recorded the evoked responses of 15 cocaine-dependent subjects and 13 age-matched healthy control subjects. Two evoked response paradigms were used: a trains paradigm with four different inter-stimulus intervals (ISIs) and a paired-click paradigm. Our(More)
BACKGROUND Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) provides a noninvasive method of examining cortical inhibitory and excitatory processes and cortical excitability in awake subjects. There is evidence from clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) data that cortical excitability may be abnormal in some psychiatric populations. Chronic cocaine abuse(More)