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1. To analyze the polymorphic activities of CYP2C8 and evaluate their impact on drug inhibitory potential, three CYP2C8 allelic variants (CYP2C8.2, CYP2C8.3, and CYP2C8.4), two non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphic variants (R139K and K399R, carried by CYP2C8.3), and wild-type CYP2C8 (CYP2C8.1) were heterologously expressed in yeast, and their(More)
Nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) in cytochrome P450 (P450) genes may affect drug metabolism and drug-drug interactions (DDIs), potentially leading to adverse drug reactions. Functional characterization of the nsSNPs in P450 genes is important to help us understand the impact of genetic factors on P450-mediated drug metabolism and DDIs.(More)
Tanshinol borneol ester (DBZ) is an experimental drug that exhibits efficacious anti-ischemic activity in rats. Although the specific metabolic properties of DBZ are still unknown, previous studies in rats have strongly suggested that DBZ is extensively metabolized after administration and thus probably acts as a prodrug. Because the enzymes involved in(More)
Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) is a polymorphic enzyme responsible for the metabolism of many important drugs, including diclofenac. CYP2C9*3 and CYP2C9*13 are the principal variant alleles found in the Chinese population. CYP2C9*3 has been reported to reduce the metabolism of diclofenac and alter the extent of drug-drug interactions (DDIs). The effects of(More)
AIM Tegafur is primarily converted to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by CYP2A6 in the human liver to exert its antitumor effect. Our objective was to comprehensively investigate the effects of CYP2A6 genetic polymorphisms on tegafur bioactivation activity. MATERIALS & METHODS Using a set of over 45 Chinese livers, the association between CYP2A6 genetic variations(More)
The recognition of the importance and utility of single nucleotide polymorphisms has generated an interest in the development of new strategies for their identification. Analysis of the Expressed Sequence Tag (EST) database can provide a rapid and efficient means of identifying polymorphisms. Screening of the Alpha class glutathione transferases (GSTs) in(More)
CYP2C19 is a highly polymorphic enzyme that affects the metabolism of a wide range of therapeutic drugs. Almost all the identified alleles of CYP2C19 are derived from nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs). The objective of this study was to functionally characterize 20 nsSNPs of CYP2C19, distributed throughout the entire coding region, most(More)
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