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Systemic administration of kainic acid (KA) to rodents results in limbic seizures and subsequent neurodegeneration similar to that observed in certain types of human epilepsy, and it is a commonly used animal model for this disease. Oxidative stress has been suggested to play a role in the neuronal injury associated with KA administration. Based on this(More)
Glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) is a critical intracellular enzyme involved in detoxification of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) to water. In the present study we examined the susceptibility of mice with a disruption of the glutathione peroxidase gene to the neurotoxic effects of malonate, 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP), and(More)
Cardiac remodelling is a major determinant of heart failure (HF) and is characterised by cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, oxidative stress and myocytes apoptosis. Hesperetin, which belongs to the flavonoid subgroup of citrus flavonoids, is the main flavonoid in oranges and possesses multiple pharmacological properties. However, its role in cardiac remodelling(More)
OBJECTIVE Transgenic mice that overexpress a human gene encoding mutant cytosolic superoxide dismutase (SOD1) develop a progressive motor neuron loss that resembles human ALS. Why mutant SOD1 initiates motor neuron death is unknown. One hypothesis proposes that the mutant molecule has enhanced peroxidase activity, reducing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to form(More)
Exposure of neurons to H(2)O(2) results in both necrosis and apoptosis. Caspases play a pivotal role in apoptosis, but exactly how they are involved in H(2)O(2)-mediated cell death is unknown. We examined H(2)O(2)-induced toxicity in neuronal PC12 cells and the effects of inducible overexpression of the H(2)O(2)-scavenging enzyme catalase on this process.(More)
In vivo administration of either 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) or methamphetamine (MA) produces damage to the dopaminergic nervous system which may be due in part to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The resistance of superoxide dismutase (SOD) over-expressing transgenic mice to the effects of both MPTP and MA suggests(More)
This paper presents a method for pose and expression invariant face recognition using only a single sample image per person. The method utilizes the similarities of a face image against a set of faces from a prototype set taken at the same pose and expression to establish pose and expression invariant similarity vector which can be used for comparing face(More)
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