DuWayne L. Willett

Learn More
The decrease in cardiovascular death rates in the United States has been slower in blacks than whites, especially in patients <65 years of age. The Dallas Heart Study was designed as a single-site, multiethnic, population-based probability sample to (1) produce unbiased population estimates of biologic and social variables that pinpoint ethnic differences(More)
The 2 most widely used criteria to diagnose the metabolic syndrome (MS) are those developed by the United States Adult Treatment Panel III of the National Cholesterol Education Program (ATP III) and by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). A major difference between these 2 sets of criteria is that the IDF places more emphasis on waist circumference.(More)
BACKGROUND Although Doppler color flow mapping is widely used to assess the severity of mitral regurgitation (MR), a simple, accurate, and quantitative marker of MR by color flow mapping remains elusive. We hypothesized that vena contracta width by color flow mapping would accurately predict the severity of MR. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 80 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Velocity-encoded, phase-difference magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been shown to provide an accurate assessment of shunt magnitude in patients with large atrial septal defects, but its ability to determine shunt magnitude in patients with intracardiac left-to-right shunts of various locations and sizes has not been evaluated in a prospective(More)
OBJECTIVES Several reports indicate that the body fat compartments, especially ip fat, predict metabolic risk better than total body fat. The objective of the study was to determine whether this can be confirmed and generalized throughout the population. PARTICIPANTS A representative sample of 1934 Black and White women and men of the Dallas Heart Study(More)
Although recent studies have suggested that blacks compared with whites have an increased prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy, it remains uncertain whether this is true despite adjustment for body composition (fat mass and fat-free mass) and when assessed by cardiac MRI in the general population. The Dallas Heart Study is a population-based study of(More)
Currently available invasive and noninvasive techniques for the determination of left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes, ejection fraction, and cardiac output are more time-consuming and potentially less accurate in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) than in those with sinus rhythm. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can rapidly(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to examine whether the prevalence of hypertension differs by acculturation status among Hispanics in Dallas County, Texas. The authors test the hypothesis that compared with those of low acculturation, those of mid- and high-level acculturation will be at greater risk for having hypertension. METHODS Conducted from(More)
BACKGROUND The noninvasive measurement of absolute epicardial coronary arterial flow and flow reserve would be useful in the evaluation of patients with coronary circulatory disorders. Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) has been used to measure coronary arterial flow in animals, but its accuracy in humans is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)