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BACKGROUND We hypothesized that posttreatment with 15-epi-16-parafluoro-phenoxy lipoxin A4 (ATL) could attenuate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury in mice. METHODS All the animals were randomly assigned to one of six groups (n = 6 per group). In the sham-vehicle group, mice were treated with 0.9% saline 60 min after they were challenged(More)
In electrically non-excitable cells, one major source of Ca(2+) influx is through the store-operated (or Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+)) channel by which the process of emptying the intracellular Ca(2+) stores results in the activation of Ca(2+) channels in the plasma membrane. Using both whole-cell patch-clamp and Ca(2+) imaging technique, we describe the(More)
AIM Inflammation is a critical component of tumor progression. Lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) has been approved for potent anti-inflammatory properties. Recently, it was reported that LXA(4) repressed the expression and activity of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which is essential for invasion. However, there are few reports dealing with its effects on cancer. To explore(More)
Garlic (Allium sativum) extraction has been reported having anti-HCMV efficacy. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of allitridin (diallyl trisulfide, a compound from A. sativum extraction) on the replication of HCMV and the expression of viral immediate-early genes. In HCMV plaque-reduction assay, allitridin appeared a dose-dependent inhibitory(More)
AbstractAim:The aim of the present study was to understand the role of retinoic acid (RA) in the development of isolated patent ductus arteriosus and the features of arterial duct-derived vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC).Methods:The VSMC were isolated, and the biological characteristics and the response to RA were investigated in the arterial duct,(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoxins (LXs), endogenous anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving eicosanoids generated during various inflammatory conditions, have novel immunomodulatory properties. Because dendritic cells (DCs) play crucial roles in the initiation and maintenance of immune response, we determined whether LXs could modulate the maturation process of DCs and(More)
Lipoxin A4 (LXA4), a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammation mediator, protects brains against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in vivo. However, few reports concern its function on astrocytes during cerebral I/R injury. The pathogenesis of cerebral I/R injury involves oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Upregulation of(More)
Lipoxin A4 (LXA4), a biologically active eicosanoid with anti-inflammatory and pro-resolution properties, was recently found to have neuroprotective effects in brain ischemia. As 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) and leukotrienes are generally considered to aggravate cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, we investigated their effects on LXA4-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND The production of neural stem cells (NSCs) derived from embryonic stem (ES) cells was usually very low according to previous studies, which was a major obstacle for meeting the needs of clinical application. This study aimed at investigating whether astrocytes could promote production of NSCs derived from ES cells in vitro. METHODS Mouse ES(More)
AIM To investigate the role of Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels in the ROS production in macrophages. METHODS The intracellular [Ca(2+)](i) was analyzed by confocal laser microscopy. The production of ROS was assayed by flow cytometry. RESULTS Both LPS and thapsigargin induced an increase in intracellular [Ca(2+)](i), either in the(More)