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Neurons and glia in the vertebrate central nervous system arise in temporally distinct, albeit overlapping, phases. Neurons are generated first followed by astrocytes and oligodendrocytes from common progenitor cells. Increasing evidence indicates that axon-derived signals spatiotemporally modulate oligodendrocyte maturation and myelin formation. Our(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying the involvement of oligodendrocytes in formation of the nodes of Ranvier (NORs) remain poorly understood. Here we show that oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein (OMgp) aggregates specifically at NORs. Nodal location of OMgp does not occur along demyelinated axons of either Shiverer or proteolipid protein (PLP) transgenic(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex is a disease caused by mutations in the TSC1 or TSC2 genes, which encode a protein complex that inhibits mTOR kinase signaling by inactivating the Rheb GTPase. Activation of mTOR promotes the formation of benign tumors in various organs and the mechanisms underlying the neurological symptoms of the disease remain largely unknown.(More)
Autografts have been extensively studied to facilitate optic nerve (ON) regeneration in animal experiments, but the clinical application of this approach to aid autoregeneration has not yet been attempted. This study aims to explore the guided regeneration by an artificial polyglycolic acid-chitosan conduit coated with recombinant L1-Fc. Consistent with(More)
We report Nogo-A as an oligodendroglial component congregating and interacting with the Caspr-F3 complex at paranodes. However, its receptor Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) does not segregate to specific axonal domains. CHO cells cotransfected with Caspr and F3, but not with F3 alone, bound specifically to substrates coated with Nogo-66 peptide and GST-Nogo-66.(More)
Arachidonic acid metabolism through cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) pathways generates various biologically active lipids that play important roles in inflammation, thrombosis and tumor progression. Angiogenesis, the formation of new capillary vessels from preexisting ones, underpins a number of physiological processes and participates in the(More)
Myelin-derived proteins, such as tenascin-R (TN-R), myelin associate glycoprotein (MAG), and Nogo-A, inhibit the CNS regeneration. By targeting specifically the inhibitory epitopes, we have investigated whether vaccination with a recombinant DNA molecule encoding multiple domains of myelin inhibitors may be useful in CNS repair. We show here that the(More)
It has long been recognized that the central nervous system (CNS) exhibits only limited capacity for axonal regeneration following injury. It has been proposed that myelin-associated inhibitory molecules are responsible for the nonpermissive nature of the CNS environment to axonal regeneration. Experimental strategies to enhance regeneration by neutralizing(More)
Vaccines have been considered in treating many CNS degenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD), epilepsy, multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal cord injury (SCI), and stroke. DNA vaccines have emerged as novel therapeutic agents because of the simplicity of their generation and application.(More)
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